PCSRF Program Highlights

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Factors Limiting Recovery

Pacific salmon and steelhead are anadromous fish, meaning they migrate up rivers from the ocean to spawn in freshwater. These salmonids include pink, sockeye, chum, Chinook, and coho salmon, and steelhead trout. Of these, many populations of sockeye, chum, Chinook, coho, and steelhead are listed as threatened and endangered. The migratory ranges of these populations overlap, that is, the different species make use of some of the same freshwater habitat for rearing and spawning.

Salmon recovery on the Pacific Coast is organized by recovery domains. Domains represent geographically-based areas within which multi-species recovery plans for anadromous salmonids have been and are being developed in Washington, Oregon, California, and Idaho. The broad expanse of these domains reflect the complex life cycle of anadromous fish that spans inland streams and rivers, coastal estuaries, and ocean waters. The land area affected by ESA listings of salmon and steelhead on the Pacific Coast is vast, spanning approximately 176,000 square miles in Washington, Oregon, California, and Idaho (61% of Washington land area, 55% of Oregon, 32% of California, and 26% of Idaho).

Recovery plans for each domain address all salmon and steelhead populations within the geographic area. These plans have involved extensive stakeholder input to identify the specific factors limiting the recovery and sustainability of salmon populations for each DPS and ESU (see chart below). These factors represent many of the challenges to recovery that are being addressed through PCSRF investments. ESUs and DPSs are comprised of individual populations which are monitored within specific reaches of watersheds. Based on counts of these populations (data from NOAA Fisheries Salmon Population Summary database), the stability of individual populations is assessed, as is the aggregate health of the populations at the ESU/DPS level.

Limiting Factors by ESU--click for larger image.

Performance Reporting

All recipients of PCSRF funds are required to report on an extensive set of standard metrics. The sum of all these projects' metrics can be depicted in a series of "roll-up" measures that aggregate the accomplishments of many activities funded with PCSRF and state matching funds. The complete metrics for individual projects can be viewed on that project's details page.

Cumulative Program-wide Accomplishments

Metric Completed Underway
Instream Habitat
  Stream Miles Treated 2,247 487
Wetland Habitat
  Acres Created 218 10
  Acres Treated 6,687 397
Estuarine Habitat
  Acres Created 2,358
  Acres Treated 5,487 678
Land Acquisition
  Acres Acquired or Protected 153,772 9,948
  Stream Bank Miles Acquired
  or Protected
6,730 415
Riparian Habitat
  Stream Miles Treated 11,872 2,089
  Acres Treated 148,664 18,260
Upland Habitat
  Acres Treated 458,435 13,985
Fish Passage
  Barriers Removed 924 82
  Miles Opened 9,524 3,040
Fish Screens
  Screens Installed 1,863 46
Hatchery Fish Marked
  Fry/Smolt Marked And Released 207,852,675 33,065,853
Research and Monitoring
  Stream Miles Monitored 498,246 18,570
Planning and Assessment
  Stream Miles Assessed 41,689 5,402

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Total Funds by Category
in Millions of $
(number of projects)

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Total Funds by Category in Millions of $ (includes PCSRF, State, Other, and In-Kind funds)