PCSRF Program Highlights

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Factors Limiting Recovery

Pacific salmon and steelhead are anadromous fish, meaning they migrate up rivers from the ocean to spawn in freshwater. These salmonids include pink, sockeye, chum, Chinook, and coho salmon, and steelhead trout. Of these, many populations of sockeye, chum, Chinook, coho, and steelhead are listed as threatened and endangered. The migratory ranges of these populations overlap, that is, the different species make use of some of the same freshwater habitat for rearing and spawning.

Salmon recovery on the Pacific Coast is organized by recovery domains. Domains represent geographically-based areas within which multi-species recovery plans for anadromous salmonids have been and are being developed in Washington, Oregon, California, and Idaho. The broad expanse of these domains reflect the complex life cycle of anadromous fish that spans inland streams and rivers, coastal estuaries, and ocean waters. The land area affected by ESA listings of salmon and steelhead on the Pacific Coast is vast, spanning approximately 176,000 square miles in Washington, Oregon, California, and Idaho (61% of Washington land area, 55% of Oregon, 32% of California, and 26% of Idaho).

Recovery plans for each domain address all salmon and steelhead populations within the geographic area. These plans have involved extensive stakeholder input to identify the specific factors limiting the recovery and sustainability of salmon populations for each DPS and ESU (see chart below). These factors represent many of the challenges to recovery that are being addressed through PCSRF investments. ESUs and DPSs are comprised of individual populations which are monitored within specific reaches of watersheds. Based on counts of these populations (data from NOAA Fisheries Salmon Population Summary database), the stability of individual populations is assessed, as is the aggregate health of the populations at the ESU/DPS level.

Limiting Factors by ESU--click for larger image.

Performance Reporting

All recipients of PCSRF funds are required to report on an extensive set of standard metrics. The sum of all these projects' metrics can be depicted in a series of "roll-up" measures that aggregate the accomplishments of many activities funded with PCSRF and state matching funds. The complete metrics for individual projects can be viewed on that project's details page.

Cumulative Program-wide Accomplishments

Metric Completed Underway
Instream Habitat
  Stream Miles Treated 2,295 517
Wetland Habitat
  Acres Created 218 15
  Acres Treated 6,690 414
Estuarine Habitat
  Acres Created 2,304
  Acres Treated 5,518 2,353
Land Acquisition
  Acres Acquired or Protected 158,934 5,277
  Stream Bank Miles Acquired
  or Protected
7,075 89
Riparian Habitat
  Stream Miles Treated 12,251 1,331
  Acres Treated 104,434 10,961
Upland Habitat
  Acres Treated 463,794 10,963
Fish Passage
  Barriers Removed 922 85
  Miles Opened 9,648 2,934
Fish Screens
  Screens Installed 2,047 45
Hatchery Fish Marked
  Fry/Smolt Marked And Released 208,357,573 32,820,853
Research and Monitoring
  Stream Miles Monitored 502,723 19,997
Planning and Assessment
  Stream Miles Assessed 41,949 3,542

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Total Funds by Category
in Millions of $
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Total Funds by Category in Millions of $ (includes PCSRF, State, Other, and In-Kind funds)