Quileute FY 2021 Salmonid Escapement, Spawning, and Harvest Projections in Quillayute Basin

Salmonid Research, Monitoring, and Evaluation (RM&E)

Monitoring Research
Project ID21-QUIL-01
Recovery Domains -
Start Date07/01/2023
End Date06/30/2024
Last Edited04/18/2022
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The project scope entails 1) Redd surveys for summer and fall Chinook, coho, and steelhead in all tributaries of the Quillayute Basin: Dickey, Sol Duc, Calawah, and Bogachiel; 2) Adult sockeye monitoring in Lake Pleasant; and 3) Harvest monitoring of the gillnet catch at the river mouth including sampling for coded wire tags and other marks, collecting scales on Chinook and steelhead to establish ages, assessing fish health, and collecting other biological information.

Adult surveys occur in pre-selected index streams (except sockeye in Lake Pleasant). Supplemental streams are added on a rotational basis. Staff progress through the river systems to survey adult escapement according to known return times. (See attached schedule.) The crew access areas by helicopter, walking, bicycle, drift boats, rafts, ATV or truck. Sockeye redds are counted in streams but because sockeye mass-spawn, actual fish are counted in the lake. Harvest monitoring occurs as described above.

Field work comprises about 70% of time, with tissue sampling and analysis making up the balance. Result is escapement and other observational data vital for use in planning future harvest, through interagency meetings and modeling, as well as evaluating in some cases the effectiveness of local restoration projects. The data are also used to develop tribal fishing regulations required under US v. WA.

Project Benefit    

Describe how the project will provide tangible benefits to salmon and/or steelhead. Indentify limiting factors that will be addressed and specific uses of the information collected through the project.

While salmon runs in the Quillayute are still non-ESA listed, certain stocks are in decline and there is a continued need to monitor the basin to understand status through stock assessment. This project will provide the necessary information for tribal harvest manager to develop escapement and subsequent productivity estimates for all salmonids that are of vital importance to the tribe. These estimates are used to develop adult forecasts, which are essential in developing annual fishing plans. A key aspect of these plans is an attempt to allow for a meaningful exercise of treaty fishing rights, while still allowing adequate escapement to promote the continued existence of populations being actively managed.

An ancillary benefit of doing the redd surveys is that it allows the field crew to identify potential future restoration projects and evaluate the successes of existing habitat projects. Observations might include the encroachment of noxious weeds, bank collapse from mass wasting, blocked fish passages, or log jams that may be failing. Habitat observations are shared with the habitat restoration biologist, water quality biologist, staff attorney, and other staff who represent the tribe at intergovernmental agencies (like North Pacific Coast Lead Entity), dealing with watershed health and salmon restoration. These groups develop plans and strategies for grants regarding water quality and quantity and salmon habitat restoration, by any participating government or stakeholder, including Quileute.


Metric Completed Originally
Research and Monitoring
  Stream Miles Monitored 329.50

Funding Details

Report Total:$141,793

Project Map



  • Worksite Identifier: 51588501
  • Start Date:
  • End Date:
Area Description

No Area Description data was found for this worksite.

Location Information

  • Basin: Washington Coastal
  • Subbasin:
  • Watershed:
  • Subwatershed:
  • State: Washington
  • Recovery Domain:
  • Latitude: 47.91289
  • Longitude: -124.63463


  • Washington Coast Chinook Salmon ESU
  • Olympic Peninsula Coho Salmon ESU
  • Olympic Peninsula Steelhead DPS
  • Lake Pleasant Sockeye Salmon ESU




  • E.0 Salmonid Research, Monitoring, and Evaluation (RM&E)Y (Y/N)
    •      . . E.0.a RM&E Funding .00
    •      . . E.0.b
      Complement habitat restoration project
    •      . . E.0.c
      Project identified in a plan or watershed assessment.
    •      . . E.0.d.1 Number of Cooperating Organizations
    •      . . E.0.d.2
      Name Of Cooperating Organizations.
    •      . . E.1 MonitoringY (Y/N)
      •      . . . . E.1.a Monitoring funding
      •      . . . . E.1.b.1 Stream Miles Monitored
      •      . . . . E.1.b.2 Acres of Watershed Area Monitored
      •      . . . . E.1.c.1 Adult salmonid population monitoringY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . . . E.1.c.1.a # miles (to nearest 0.01 mile) monitored for adult salmonids
      •      . . . . E.1.c.4 Redd countsY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . . . E.1.c.4.a # miles (to nearest 0.01 mile) monitored for redds
      •      . . . . E.1.c.6 Harvest monitoringY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . . . E.1.c.6.a # miles (to nearest 0.01 mile) monitored for harvest
        •      . . . . . . E.1.c.6.b # square miles (to nearest 0.01 mile) monitored for harvest (Square miles)
        •      . . . . E.1.d
          Name Of Comprehensive Monitoring Strategy/Program
      •      . . E.2 ResearchY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . E.2.a Research Funding
        •      . . . . E.2.b.1 Modeling and data analysisY (Y/N)
          •      . . . . . . E.2.b.1.a
            Key issues addressed by modeling and data analysis research