Three Mile and Crane Creek Restoration Project - Riparian Fencing and Off-Stream Cattle Watering Facilities

Salmonid Habitat Restoration and Acquisition

Riparian Habitat Upland Habitat And Sediment
Project IDKLAMATH-2021-1
Recovery Domains -
Start Date06/01/2022
End Date09/30/2023
Last Edited01/21/2022
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1. Reconnect approximately 3 miles of historic channels of Threemile and Crane Creeks to improve instream habitat and connectivity for threatened Bull Trout, native Redband Trout, and future populations of anadromous salmon and steelhead (funded by other grants).

2. Install 2 miles of riparian cattle exclusion fencing along the restored channels.

3. Drill 2 livestock watering wells and install 2 solar-powered pumps and watering systems.


The Upper Klamath Basin (UKB) has provided the Klamath Tribes with an abundance of natural resources for thousands of years. Anadromous fish, including Chinook salmon and steelhead, were important components of tribal resources before their runs were extirpated by the construction of dams on the Klamath River in the early 20th century. The Tribes seek to restore ecological health and cultural value to the UKB, in part, through the restoration of native anadromous fisheries. The Tribes historic reservation which included most of the watershed upstream of Upper Klamath Lake (UKL) was lost but the Tribes maintain hunting, fishing and gathering rights within their historic reservation. The Klamath Tribes also maintains water rights within the historic reservation. The historic reservation is vital to the Klamath Tribes for cultural, historic and subsistence purposes.

Threemile and Crane Creeks are on the west side of UKL in the UKB and provide important habitat for tribal trust species including federally threatened Bull Trout, native Redband Trout, and historically Chinook salmon and steelhead. Over the past century, agricultural land use practices have led to diking and straightening of both creeks, which has reduced habitat quality and has also limited connectivity to adjacent critical habitat. Trout Unlimited (TU) will restore and reconnect the historic channels of Threemile and Crane Creeks to improve instream habitat and create an intact migratory corridor so that Bull Trout are able to express a migratory life history. Irrigation water rights are being purchased by TU and transferred instream to ensure adequate baseflows throughout the system. In addition, the reconnection and water transfer will provide improved habitat and connectivity for native Redband Trout and for future populations of anadromous fish (after removal of the mainstem Klamath River dams).

This PCSRF project proposes to install 2 miles of riparian fencing, drill two cattle watering wells, and install two solar-powered watering facilities. The cattle exclusion fencing will protect the newly restored stream channels and the off-stream watering facilities will provide livestock water so cattle do not have to have access to Crane and Threemile Creeks. The riparian buffer width is at least 100 feet and infrequent flash grazing will occur within the riparian zone.

Project Benefit    


This project is considered a crucial step towards achieving the tribal restoration goal of reintroduction and restoration of the Klamath Tribes historic anadromous fisheries that have been extirpated. Specifically, the project will protect newly reconnected and restored habitat in Crane and Threemile Creeks from livestock grazing impacts. Further, off-stream cattle watering facilities will be installed to allow continued grazing while keeping cattle out of the streams and adjacent riparian areas. The project will address factors limiting the productivity of Chinook salmon and steelhead necessary for the exercise of native subsistence fishing. Because Crane Creek is a spring-fed system it is less vulnerable to climate change impacts and therefore a priority for restoration. Also, this project restores the streams to their historic narrow meandering profile reducing potential climate change impacts including warming temperatures and increased evapotranspiration.


Metric Completed Originally
Riparian Habitat
  Stream Miles Treated 2.00
  Acres Treated 10.0
Upland Habitat
  Acres Treated 100.0

Funding Details

Report Total:$80,000

Project Map



  • Worksite Identifier: 51281942
  • Start Date: 06/01/2022
  • End Date: 09/30/2023
Area Description
Wood River Valley

Location Information

  • Basin: Klamath
  • Subbasin:
  • Watershed:
  • Subwatershed:
  • State: Oregon
  • Recovery Domain:
  • Latitude: 42.65883760475839
  • Longitude: -122.05825111130045


  • Upper Klamath / Trinity Rivers Chinook Salmon ESU




  • C.0 Salmonid Habitat Restoration and AcquisitionY (Y/N)
    •      . . C.0.a Habitat restoration and acquisition funding .00
    •      . . C.0.b Length of stream treated/protected
    •      . . C.0.c
      Project identified in a Plan or Watershed Assessment
    •      . . C.0.d.1 Project Monitoring (LOV)
    •      . . C.0.d.2 Monitoring Location (LOV)
    •      . . C.5 Riparian Habitat ProjectY (Y/N)
      •      . . . . C.5.a Riparian Habitat Funding
      •      . . . . C.5.b.1 Total riparian miles streambank treated
      •      . . . . C.5.b.2 Total Riparian Acres Treated
      •      . . . . C.5.d.1 FencingY (Y/N)
      •      . . C.6 Upland Habitat And Sediment ProjectY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . C.6.a Upland Habitat / Sediment Funding
        •      . . . . C.6.b.1 Acres of upland habitat area treated
        •      . . . . C.6.j.1 Upland livestock management Y (Y/N)
          •      . . . . . . C.6.j.2 Upland livestock management action(s) taken (LOV)
          •      . . . . . . C.6.j.3 Upland acres managed for livestock
          •      . . . . . . C.6.j.4 Number of livestock water installations/developments