Warm Springs Salmon Restoration Plan

Salmonid Restoration Planning and Assessments

Restoration Planning And Coordination
Project ID19-Warm-02
Recovery DomainsInterior Columbia
Start Date04/01/2020
End Date04/30/2024
Year2019
StatusOngoing
Last Edited09/15/2021
 
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Description    


The Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs Reservation of Oregon (CTWSRO) supports the entire population of the Mid-Columbia spring Chinook in the Deschutes River subbasin. All of the spawning and juvenile rearing of this population occur on Reservation lands and comprise the entirety of the East Cascades Major Population Group (MPG). This population has been in decline over the past decade or more with concerning escapements below 250 adults occurring over the past two seasons. Due to this decline in the spring Chinook population and concern for future tribal member harvest, Fisheries Department staff have been tasked with identifying possible tools for restoring and enhancing the native population.

Funding from this contract will be used to develop a fisheries management plan for the culturally significant species occurring in CTWSRO reservation streams. The document will use current information from various watershed assessments, the Deschutes subbasin plan, Mid-Columbia summer steelhead recovery plan, and the bull trout recovery plan to formulate actionable recommendations to recover and manage fish populations on the Reservation into the future. The plan will be dovetailed with the recently completed (2018) Aquatic Restoration Strategy for the Reservation and establish a framework for monitoring population status and trends along with restoration effectiveness that will incorporate guidance from the developing Columbia Basin Habitat Research, Monitoring and Evaluation Strategy. Combining physical and biological data from the plans will allow the development of calculation of carrying capacity for each of the primary species and develop population management goals for each population. The plan will also analyze for population restoration options to help guide managers and policy to ensure populations are viable for perpetuity.

Worksite #1 Proposed Work: Warm Springs River Watershed Priority 1
Evaluate current habitat conditions and use current and historical population data to determine species use in the reaches of the tributaries and determine carrying capacity and evaluate current population status. To determine habitat restoration needs, and population restoration opportunities for each of the culturally significant species currently or historically resided in the Warm Springs watershed. These species include Mid Columbia summer steelhead, mid Columbia spring Chinook, Coastal bull trout, Interior redband trout and Lower Columbia coho.

Worksite #2 Proposed Work: Shitike Creek Watershed Priority 2
Evaluate current habitat conditions and use current and historical population data to determine species use in the reaches of Shitike Creek and tributaries determine carrying capacity and evaluate current population status to determine habitat restoration needs, and population restoration opportunities for each of the culturally significant species currently or historically resided in the Shitike Creek watershed. These species include Mid Columbia summer steelhead, Mid Columbia spring Chinook, coastal bull trout, and interior redband trout.

Worksite #3 Proposed Work: Lower Deschutes River and small tributaries. Priority 3
Evaluate current habitat conditions and use current and historical population data to determine species use in the reaches of The Lower Deschutes River and the tributaries of Nena, Skookum and Eagle Creeks to determine carrying capacity and evaluate current population status to determine habitat restoration needs, and population restoration opportunities for each of the culturally significant species currently or historically resided in the Lower Deschutes River watershed. These species include Mid Columbia summer steelhead, Deschutes River fall Chinook, and interior redband trout.

Project Benefit    


The Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs manages 100% of the Deschutes population of the Mid Columbia spring Chinook. All spawning and rearing of this population occurs on the Tribes Reservation. Also 100% of the westside Deschutes population of the East Cascades MPG occurs on the reservation. Recently, coho have started to migrate into Warm Springs River tributaries in greater numbers. Unknown is the potential impacts of coho and the history of coho in the basin. Currently, the CTWSRO does not have a plan for coho in the basin.

There is a great pressure and need to manage these species for multiple uses in the basin. Currently, the Pelton Round Butte complex Chinook and Steelhead Reintroduction Plan identifies the use of wild stocks of spring Chinook and summer steelhead as the preferred choice, believing the wilds would have the greatest success. This can only occur if populations achieve management objectives and demonstrate the populations can be used to support reintroduction. Similarly, bull trout is currently being used as starter populations in the Clackamas system where they have been extirpated. The Deschutes River fall Chinook is identified in the Pacific salmon treaty as an indicator stock and the spawning population number are reported each year for determining ocean harvest impacts. The current spawner number needs to be evaluated and updated to ensure we are managing for the species and provide statistical back up for the Pacific Salmon Treaty that the spawning numbers are appropriate. The current spawner threshold is set at 2,500 redds.

The plan will benefit each species by including updated current population escapements, habitat use, and the development of a carrying capacity for each species. This information will provide guidance to potential habitat opportunities in coordination with watershed assessments and current watershed restoration plans to address the threats associated with limiting factors impacting each species population health. The document would provide policy leaders with opportunities and tools to guide the management and recovery of the culturally significant species occurring on CTWSRO reservation lands.

Accomplishments

Metric Completed Originally
Proposed

Funding Details

SourceFunds
PCSRF$200,000
Report Total:$200,000


Project Map



Worksites

Warm Springs River Watershed    


  • Worksite Identifier: Warm Springs River Watershed
  • Start Date: 04/01/2020
  • End Date: 04/30/2021
Area Description

No Area Description data was found for this worksite.

Location Information

  • Basin: Deschutes
  • Subbasin:
  • Watershed:
  • Subwatershed:
  • State: Oregon
  • Recovery Domain: Interior Columbia
  • Latitude: 44.842946
  • Longitude: -121.279313

ESU

  • Mid-Columbia River Spring-run Chinook Salmon ESU
  • Middle Columbia River Steelhead DPS
  • Lower Columbia River Coho Salmon ESU
  • Un-Named ESU Bull Trout

Map

Photos

Metrics

Metrics
  • B.0 Salmonid Restoration Planning and AssessmentsY (Y/N)
    •      . . B.0.a Planning And Assessment Funding .00
    •      . . B.0.b.1 Area Encompassed
    •      . . B.0.b.2 Stream Miles Affected
    •      . . B.1 Restoration Planning And CoordinationY (Y/N)
      •      . . . . B.1.a Planning and Coordination funding
      •      . . . . B.1.b.12 Developing restoration/action planY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . . . B.1.b.12.a
          Name of plan developed
        •      . . . . . . B.1.b.12.b
          Description and scope of the plan developed

Shitike Creek Watershed    


  • Worksite Identifier: Shitike Creek Watershed
  • Start Date: 04/01/2020
  • End Date: 04/30/2021
Area Description

No Area Description data was found for this worksite.

Location Information

  • Basin: Deschutes
  • Subbasin:
  • Watershed:
  • Subwatershed:
  • State: Oregon
  • Recovery Domain: Interior Columbia
  • Latitude: 44.842946
  • Longitude: -121.461083

ESU

  • Mid-Columbia River Spring-run Chinook Salmon ESU
  • Middle Columbia River Steelhead DPS
  • Un-Named ESU Bull Trout

Map

Photos

Metrics

Metrics
  • B.0 Salmonid Restoration Planning and AssessmentsY (Y/N)
    •      . . B.0.a Planning And Assessment Funding .00
    •      . . B.0.b.1 Area Encompassed
    •      . . B.0.b.2 Stream Miles Affected
    •      . . B.1 Restoration Planning And CoordinationY (Y/N)
      •      . . . . B.1.a Planning and Coordination funding
      •      . . . . B.1.b.12 Developing restoration/action planY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . . . B.1.b.12.a
          Name of plan developed
        •      . . . . . . B.1.b.12.b
          Description and scope of the plan developed

Lower Deschutes River    


  • Worksite Identifier: Lower Deschutes River
  • Start Date: 04/01/2020
  • End Date: 04/30/2021
Area Description

No Area Description data was found for this worksite.

Location Information

  • Basin: Deschutes
  • Subbasin:
  • Watershed:
  • Subwatershed:
  • State: Oregon
  • Recovery Domain: Interior Columbia
  • Latitude: 45.076614
  • Longitude: -121.114887

ESU

  • Deschutes River Summer/Fall-run Chinook Salmon ESU
  • Middle Columbia River Steelhead DPS
  • Un-Named ESU Bull Trout

Map

Photos

Metrics

Metrics
  • B.0 Salmonid Restoration Planning and AssessmentsY (Y/N)
    •      . . B.0.a Planning And Assessment Funding .00
    •      . . B.0.b.1 Area Encompassed
    •      . . B.0.b.2 Stream Miles Affected
    •      . . B.1 Restoration Planning And CoordinationY (Y/N)
      •      . . . . B.1.a Planning and Coordination funding
      •      . . . . B.1.b.12 Developing restoration/action planY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . . . B.1.b.12.a
          Name of plan developed
        •      . . . . . . B.1.b.12.b
          Description and scope of the plan developed