Lower Klamath River Tributary Juvenile Salmonid Assessment

Salmonid Research, Monitoring, and Evaluation (RM&E)

Monitoring
Project IDYUROK-2018-2
Recovery DomainsN CA - S Oregon
Start Date03/01/2019
End Date09/30/2020
Year2018
StatusOngoing
Last Edited04/10/2020
 
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Description    


This project is a continuation of long-term monitoring activities in Blue Creek and McGarvey Creeks which are two anadromous fish-bearing streams that are tributary to the Lower Klamath River within the Yurok Indian Reservation.

This project is focused on juvenile salmonid smolt outmigration monitoring efforts in 2019 and 2020 conducted in two Lower Klamath River tributaries. Monitoring crews will install the rotary screw trap in Lower Blue Creek trap site (RM 2.3) during May 2019. This effort continued 24 hours a day, 7 days a week throughout the salmon emigration period. In March 2020 monitoring crews will install an outmigrant pipe trap in McGarvey Creek site (RM .5). This effort continued 24 hours a day, 7 days a week throughout the salmon emigration period. Information being collected at the trap for each fish captured include: species, fork length, weight, year class, and scanned for the presence of a PIT tag with a headheld PIT tag scanner from all age chinook, coho, steelhead and cutthroat trout. In addition, a mark-recapture effort is occurring on a daily basis for age steelhead, cutthroat trout, coho and chinook. This effort will allow a generation of weekly trapping efficiencies that will subsequently allow for an emigration estimate for these species. Also, in McGarvey Creek juvenile Coho will be PIT tagged to assess growth, movement, and survival through the use of trapping and SPI data.

Project Benefit    


PCSRF Goals, Objectives and Priorities addressed:

The goals of this project include answering questions concerning the annual trends in outmigrant numbers for the Blue Creek and McGarvey Creek anadromous salmonid runs, including ESA (Federal and State) listed coho salmon, potentially listed steelhead, sea-run cutthroat, and the unique Lower Klamath late-fall Chinook, which are all trust species that the Tribe has federally reserved fishing rights to harvest. The data collected will also be used to determine the contribution of Lower Klamath tributary stocks to the overall population of natural stocks in the Klamath River basin.
• Quantitatively determine the production of juvenile chinook and coho through the sampling of downstream migrants in both drainages during 2019. We will also trap steelhead and coastal cutthroat trout. We will assess emigration timing and species and size composition for all fish species sampled, as well as an assessment of age composition for all juvenile steelhead and cutthroat sampled.
• In McGarvey Creek, juvenile coho will be PIT tagged to assess growth, movement, and survival through the use of trapping and SPI data.
• Information collected from Blue Creek chinook abundance will be used to assess long-term monitoring at the watershed scale, assess trends over time, carrying capacity, and maximum sustainable yield to assist with establishing Tribal harvest management objectives.
• Provide the Tribe with the necessary data to provide informed input into Lower Klamath resource management planning, habitat restoration planning and implementation, treaty fishing rights, and ESA-related issues.
• Improve skills and knowledge of YTFP employees/Yurok Tribal members through hands-on experience conducting a diversity of fisheries monitoring projects.

This project is intended to improve the status of ESA-listed salmon and steelhead by providing information to address habitat limiting factors for ESA-listed salmon and steelhead in the McGarvey and Blue Creek watersheds. This will be accomplished by understanding the population dynamics of these species. Through this understanding, managers can improve management practices, focus restoration efforts, and work to maintain healthy salmon populations, prevent decline of ESA-listed salmon; and ensure overall sustainability of naturally-spawning salmon and steelhead.

Outcomes & Benefits

Provide data so that management actions (timber harvest, road maintenance, restoration efforts, harvest management of late-run fall Chinook, etc.) can be improved with respect to their effect on anadromous fish in general, and particularly with respect to ESA-listed SONCC coho salmon and late fall run Chinook salmon.

Accomplishments

Metric Completed Originally
Proposed
Research and Monitoring
  Stream Miles Monitored 50.00

Funding Details

SourceFunds
PCSRF$80,000
Report Total:$80,000


Project Map



Worksites

Blue Creek    


  • Worksite Identifier: Blue Creek
  • Start Date:
  • End Date:
Area Description
Lower Klamath River

Location Information

  • Basin: Klamath
  • Subbasin:
  • Watershed:
  • Subwatershed:
  • State: California
  • Recovery Domain: N CA - S Oregon
  • Latitude: 41.444213
  • Longitude: -123.907015

ESU

  • Southern Oregon / Northern California Coastal Chinook Salmon ESU
  • Southern Oregon/Northern California Coast Coho Salmon ESU
  • Klamath Mountains Province Steelhead DPS
  • Un-Named ESU Cutthroat

Map

Photos

Metrics

Metrics
  • E.0 Salmonid Research, Monitoring, and Evaluation (RM&E)Y (Y/N)
    •      . . E.0.a RM&E Funding .00
    •      . . E.0.b
      Complement habitat restoration project
    •      . . E.0.c
      Project identified in a plan or watershed assessment.
    •      . . E.0.d.1 Number of Cooperating Organizations
    •      . . E.0.d.2
      Name Of Cooperating Organizations.
    •      . . E.0.e.1 Number of reports prepared
    •      . . E.0.e.2
      Name Of Report
    •      . . E.1 MonitoringY (Y/N)
      •      . . . . E.1.a Monitoring funding
      •      . . . . E.1.b.1 Stream Miles Monitored
      •      . . . . E.1.b.2 Acres of Watershed Area Monitored
      •      . . . . E.1.b.3 Square miles of water monitored (Square miles)
      •      . . . . E.1.c.2 Salmonid smolt or fry monitoringY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . E.1.d
          Name Of Comprehensive Monitoring Strategy/Program

McGarvey Creek    


  • Worksite Identifier: McGarvey Creek
  • Start Date:
  • End Date:
Area Description
Lower Klamath River

Location Information

  • Basin: Klamath
  • Subbasin:
  • Watershed:
  • Subwatershed:
  • State: California
  • Recovery Domain: N CA - S Oregon
  • Latitude: 41.499279
  • Longitude: -123.999159

ESU

  • Southern Oregon / Northern California Coastal Chinook Salmon ESU
  • Southern Oregon/Northern California Coast Coho Salmon ESU
  • Klamath Mountains Province Steelhead DPS
  • Un-Named ESU Cutthroat

Map

Photos

Metrics

Metrics
  • E.0 Salmonid Research, Monitoring, and Evaluation (RM&E)Y (Y/N)
    •      . . E.0.a RM&E Funding .00
    •      . . E.0.b
      Complement habitat restoration project
    •      . . E.0.c
      Project identified in a plan or watershed assessment.
    •      . . E.0.d.1 Number of Cooperating Organizations
    •      . . E.0.d.2
      Name Of Cooperating Organizations.
    •      . . E.0.e.1 Number of reports prepared
    •      . . E.0.e.2
      Name Of Report
    •      . . E.1 MonitoringY (Y/N)
      •      . . . . E.1.a Monitoring funding
      •      . . . . E.1.b.1 Stream Miles Monitored
      •      . . . . E.1.b.2 Acres of Watershed Area Monitored
      •      . . . . E.1.b.3 Square miles of water monitored (Square miles)
      •      . . . . E.1.c.2 Salmonid smolt or fry monitoringY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . E.1.d
          Name Of Comprehensive Monitoring Strategy/Program