Oregon Coast Coho Restoration Collaborative Projects in Tribes' Ancestral Territory - Upper Bell Creek

Salmonid Habitat Restoration and Acquisition

Instream Habitat Wetland
Project IDUpper Bell-Project 2A
Recovery DomainsOregon Coast
Start Date07/01/2017
End Date06/30/2022
Last Edited10/26/2021
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Purpose: The Upper Bell Creek Channel Reconstruction Project is part of the larger Oregon Coast Coho Restoration Collaborative Projects in the Tribes Ancestral Territory. The goal is to return salmon to their Ancestral Waters by a collaborative effort with local partners to undertake restoration projects where Coho fisheries were culturally and historically important to the Tribe. Each of the component projects addresses stream complexity and water quality limiting factors utilizing best practices.

Work Proposed: Fivemile-Bell Landscape Management Project is a multi-year multiphase project lead by the US Forest Service. The 2018 Upper Bell Creek Channel Reconstruction Project is portion of this project, as a part of the total project deemed Phase II. The project site is located at a homestead location where the stream has been straightened and pushed to the side of the valley and diked. Re-grading will be done for two purposes in this 7.5 acre parcel. In the upstream 4 acres of this parcel, the re-grading will be done to remove the majority of reed canary grass that dominates the vegetation on the valley floor. Clean fill material will be hauled in from the borrow sites and also from lower Fivemile Creek, where the levee removal is being conducted simultaneously to this project but funded separately. In the lower 3.5 acres, the new stream channel will be dug along portions of a remnant channel on the floodplain. The typical designed channel cross-sectional area is between 25 and 30 square feet. Wood will be placed as the channel is constructed to add complexity to the stream channel and native vegetation will be also planted but funded separately. This work will directly improve stream conditions, increase pools, increase large wood, and result in greater habitat complexity for Coho Salmon and Steelhead.

Given the cancellation of the Fiddle Creek Project, additional funds will be used for the Fivemile-Bell Landscape Management Project, deemed Phase V, to be implemented in 2020. (See attached maps in the document tab.) In previous phase, new stream channels and flow paths were constructed to restore natural stream functions. Phase V will complete re-grading and channel configuration work of the entire Fivemile-Bell Landscape Management Project. Phase V includes work on one section of Bell Creeks channel, Middle Bell Creek, and one section of Fivemile Creek, between Phase III and IV.

Project Benefit    

Species Benefited: Oregon Coast ESU Coho Salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch):ESA-listed as a Threatened Species (76 FR 35755). The project occurs in designated Critical Habitat (73 FR 7816) and Essential Fish Habitat designated under the Magnuson-Stevens Act (PFMC 1999). Oregon Coast ESU Steelhead (Onchorhynchus mykiss): NOAA Species of Concern (69 FR 19975). Managed under the Magnuson-Stevens Act; Essential Fish Habitat not identified. Pacific Lamprey (Entosphenus tridentata): U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Species of Concern (69 FR 77158). This project is responsive to the Conservation Measures identified by the Pacific Lamprey Conservation Initiative (Luzier et al. 2011). The Confederated Tribes of the Coos, Lower Umpqua and Siuslaw are signatories on the Conservation Agreement for Pacific Lamprey.

Measurable Outcomes and Benefits:
The completion of this project will produce a number of measurable outcomes and benefits including those associated with the Upper Bell Initiative:
• Restore a minimum of 2.33 miles of stream channel.
• Regrade a minimum of 35 acres.
• Remove 45 acres of invasive plant species.
• Place a minimum of 300 wood pieces in the new channel. (Funded separately)
• Replant a minimum of 5 acres of riparian area with native plants appropriate to the site. (Funded separately)

The channel reconstruction seeks to address disrupted watershed functions resulting from historic and current land use practices, including timber harvest and agriculture. The Channel reconstruction proposed will improve aquatic habitat complexity, increase juvenile salmonid rearing habitat by re-connecting floodplains, and address stream bank erosion. The other habitat enhancements, such as the removal of invasive plant species and native re-vegetation (funded separately), will improve habitat complexity in the floodplain and the riparian areas, improving overall water quality and resiliency of the system.


Metric Completed Originally
Instream Habitat
  Stream Miles Treated 1.50

Funding Details

Report Total:$61,451

Project Map


Upper Bell - Project 2A    

  • Worksite Identifier: Upper Bell - Project 2A
  • Start Date: 07/01/2017
  • End Date: 06/30/2022
Area Description
Tahkenitch 6th Field HUC: 171002070104

Location Information

  • Basin: Northern Oregon Coastal
  • Subbasin:
  • Watershed:
  • Subwatershed:
  • State: Oregon
  • Recovery Domain: Oregon Coast
  • Latitude: 43.8380921901
  • Longitude: -124.0214467049


  • Oregon Coast Coho Salmon ESU
  • Oregon Coast Steelhead DPS




  • C.0 Salmonid Habitat Restoration and AcquisitionY (Y/N)
    •      . . C.0.a Habitat restoration and acquisition funding .00
    •      . . C.0.b Length of stream treated/protected
    •      . . C.0.c
      Project identified in a Plan or Watershed Assessment
    •      . . C.0.d.1 Project Monitoring (LOV)
    •      . . C.4 Instream Habitat ProjectY (Y/N)
      •      . . . . C.4.a Instream Habitat Funding
      •      . . . . C.4.b Total length of instream habitat treated
      •      . . . . C.4.c.1 Channel reconfiguration and connectivityY (Y/N)
      •      . . C.8 Wetland ProjectY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . C.8.a Wetland funding
        •      . . . . C.8.b Total acres of wetland area treated