Oregon Coast Coho Restoration Collaborative Projects in Tribes' Ancestral Territory - Upper Bell Creek
Salmonid Habitat Restoration and Acquisition
|Upper Bell-Project 2A|
Purpose: The Upper Bell Creek Channel Reconstruction Project is part of the larger Oregon Coast Coho Restoration Collaborative Projects in the Tribes Ancestral Territory. The goal is to return salmon to their Ancestral Waters by a collaborative effort with local partners to undertake restoration projects where Coho fisheries were culturally and historically important to the Tribe. Each of the component projects addresses stream complexity and water quality limiting factors utilizing best practices.
Work Proposed: Fivemile-Bell Landscape Management Project is a multi-year multiphase project lead by the US Forest Service. The 2018 Upper Bell Creek Channel Reconstruction Project is portion of this project, as a part of the total project deemed Phase II. The project site is located at a homestead location where the stream has been straightened and pushed to the side of the valley and diked. Re-grading will be done for two purposes in this 7.5 acre parcel. In the upstream 4 acres of this parcel, the re-grading will be done to remove the majority of reed canary grass that dominates the vegetation on the valley floor. Clean fill material will be hauled in from the borrow sites and also from lower Fivemile Creek, where the levee removal is being conducted simultaneously to this project but funded separately. In the lower 3.5 acres, the new stream channel will be dug along portions of a remnant channel on the floodplain. The typical designed channel cross-sectional area is between 25 and 30 square feet. Wood will be placed as the channel is constructed to add complexity to the stream channel and native vegetation will be also planted but funded separately. This work will directly improve stream conditions, increase pools, increase large wood, and result in greater habitat complexity for Coho Salmon and Steelhead.
Species Benefited: Oregon Coast ESU Coho Salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch):ESA-listed as a Threatened Species (76 FR 35755). The project occurs in designated Critical Habitat (73 FR 7816) and Essential Fish Habitat designated under the Magnuson-Stevens Act (PFMC 1999). Oregon Coast ESU Steelhead (Onchorhynchus mykiss): NOAA Species of Concern (69 FR 19975). Managed under the Magnuson-Stevens Act; Essential Fish Habitat not identified. Pacific Lamprey (Entosphenus tridentata): U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Species of Concern (69 FR 77158). This project is responsive to the Conservation Measures identified by the Pacific Lamprey Conservation Initiative (Luzier et al. 2011). The Confederated Tribes of the Coos, Lower Umpqua and Siuslaw are signatories on the Conservation Agreement for Pacific Lamprey.
Outcomes and Benefits:
The completion of this project will produce a number of benefits
• Restore natural anastamosing channel form and fill linear drainage ditches.
• Reconnect the Upper Bell and Fivemile Creeks to their historical floodplains. (Paid for using these funds by regrading 7.5 acres of disconnected floodplain)
• Remove invasive plant species and establish natural species.
• Place a large wood pieces in the new channel and on the floodplain.
The channel reconstruction seeks to address disrupted watershed functions resulting from historic and current land use practices, including timber harvest and agriculture. The Channel reconstruction proposed will improve aquatic habitat complexity, increase juvenile salmonid rearing habitat by re-connecting floodplains, and address stream bank erosion. The other habitat enhancements, such as the removal of invasive plant species and native re-vegetation (funded separately), will improve habitat complexity in the floodplain and the riparian areas, improving overall water quality and resiliency of the system.
| Instream Habitat
| Stream Miles Treated
Upper Bell - Project 2A
- Worksite Identifier: Upper Bell - Project 2A
- Start Date: 07/01/2017
- End Date: 06/30/2022
Tahkenitch 6th Field HUC: 171002070104
- Basin: Northern Oregon Coastal
- State: Oregon
- Recovery Domain: Oregon Coast
- Latitude: 43.8380921901
- Longitude: -124.0214467049
- Oregon Coast Coho Salmon ESU
- Oregon Coast Steelhead DPS
Salmonid Habitat Restoration and AcquisitionY (Y/N)
- . . C.0.a
Habitat restoration and acquisition funding .00
- . . C.0.b
Length of stream treated/protected
- . . C.0.c
|Project identified in a Plan or Watershed Assessment||
- . . C.0.d.1
Project Monitoring (LOV)
- . . C.4
Instream Habitat ProjectY (Y/N)
- . . . . C.4.a
Instream Habitat Funding
- . . . . C.4.b
Total length of instream habitat treated
- . . . . C.4.c.1
Channel reconfiguration and connectivityY (Y/N)