Snake River Coho Restoration

Salmonid Hatcheries and Harvest Management

Fish Marking Hatchery Production
Project ID17-NezP-01
Recovery DomainsLower Columbia River, Willamette River, Snake River
Start Date07/01/2018
End Date02/29/2020
Year2017
StatusCompleted
Last Edited05/08/2024
 
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Description    


In 1994, the Nez Perce Tribe (NPT) initiated a coho reintroduction program as a result of agreements in the U.S. v. Oregon forum that reprogrammed Lower Columbia River Mitchell Act hatcheries to produce coho salmon for release in the Clearwater River Subbasin. The focus of the project is to restore Snake River coho salmon population to levels of abundance and productivity sufficient to support a sustainable run capable of annual harvest in the Clearwater River subbasin and the Grande Ronde River subbasin. This project is utilizing a phased approach for reintroduction and establishment of a localized coho salmon stock capable of enduring the migration to the Clearwater River.

In 2017, the NPT reintroduced coho into the Grande Ronde subbasin. Historically, this subbasin was a major production area for coho. Estimates of adult coho production from this subbasin in the late 1800’s exceeded 20,000 adult coho. Poorly designed hatchery programs, in-basin habitat changes, construction of mainstem dams, and overfishing depleted Columbia River coho runs, including those returning to the Snake River. Coho salmon populations have been extirpated from the Grande Ronde subbasin since 1986. The NPT has a vision of reestablishing and maintaining coho populations in their historic range; thus the purpose of this action.

Specific work performed under this project is listed as follows, by worksite.

Worksite #1: Dworshak National Fish Hatchery (DNFH) – Trapped 30 returning coho adults and used as broodstock to provide eggs for the coho hatchery production groups under this project (used PCSRF funds). Reared 635,326 coho (used non-PCSRF funds) and marked 205,237 of the coho with Coded Wire Tags (used PCSRF funding). When the smolts had reached optimum growth levels they were transported to Kooskia NFH for acclimation and release (used PCSRF funds).

Worksite #2: Eagle Creek National Fish Hatchery (ECNFH)- From broodstock eggs from DNFH and Lapwai Creek, reared 558,470 coho smolts (used non-PCSRF funding), prior to transport of 351,990 smolts to Lapwai Creek and 206,480 smolts to Kooskia NFH for acclimation and release. (used PCSRF funds). Marked 60,031 coho with Coded Wire Tags (using PCSRF funds).

Worksite #3: Kooskia National Fish Hatchery (KNFH) – Trapped 432 coho adults and used as broodstock to provide eggs for all of the coho hatchery production groups under this project (used PCSRF funds). Incubated and acclimatized 841,806 coho smolts from DNFH and ECNFH and pit tagged 11,547 of the smolts (used PCSRF funds and some other funds). Of the surviving coho smolts, released 841,806 coho smolts directly into Clear Creek right next to Kooskia National Fish Hatchery (used some PCSRF funds and other funds for this).

Worksite #4: Lapwai Creek – Trapped 0 coho adults and used as broodstock to provide eggs for all of the coho hatchery production groups under this project (used PCSRF funds). Acclimated and released 351,990 smolts from Eagle Creek NFH (used some non-PCSRF funds and other funds for this). Marked 4,797 coho with PIT Tags and 30,016 coho with Coded Wire Tags.

Worksite #5: Lostine River Released 453,165 Tanner Creek stock smolts into Lostine River. Marked 102,453 with coded wire tags. PCSRF funds used was $8000.00.

Project Benefit    


The NPT’s overall goal is to reintroduce and restore coho salmon to the Snake River Subbasin at levels of abundance and productivity sufficient to support sustainable runs and annual harvest. Consistent with the Clearwater Subbasin Plan and Wy-Kan-Ush-Mi Wa-Kish-Wit: Spirit of the Salmon Tribal Recovery Plan, the NPT envisions an annual escapement of 14,000 coho to the Clearwater River Subbasin. Based on results from the existing Clearwater River Subbasin coho production program and experience in managing anadromous fish populations in the Snake River Basin. The NPT’s long-term goal is to return 7,000 adult coho to the Wallowa River watershed in the Grande Ronde River subbasin. Nez Perce Tribe believes this program will require a substantial hatchery production component and the establishment of highly productive naturally spawning coho salmon aggregates.

The Nez Perce Tribe developed management objectives aimed at achieving the overall goal of the program. These include:
• Establish a localized Clearwater River subbasin coho salmon broodstock.
• Establish a localized Grande Ronde subbasin coho salmon broodstock.
• Establish natural spawning populations of coho salmon in the Clearwater River Subbasin and Grande Ronde River subbasin.
• Utilize hatchery production to achieve optimal production effectiveness while meeting priority management objectives for natural production enhancement, harvest, diversity and minimizing impacts to non-target populations.
• Restore and maintain treaty-reserved tribal and recreational fisheries.
• Monitor and evaluate program activities and communicate program findings to resource managers.
• This project specifically provides fish for tribal treaty rights. It gives the treaty tribes access to Mitchell Act fish that were previously released downstream of Bonneville Dam, it provides fish for harvest in the Columbia River from the mouth up through Zone 6, it provides fish for harvest in the tributaries of the Snake River, and it provides fish for natural spawning and reintroduction of an extirpated stocks in the Snake River.

Accomplishments

Metric Completed Originally
Proposed
Hatchery Fish Marked
  Fry/Smolt Marked And Released 388,862 255,000

Funding Details

SourceFunds
PCSRF$363,477
State$250,000
Other$362,463
Report Total:$975,940


Project Map



Worksites

Dworshak National Fish Hatchery    


  • Worksite Identifier: Dworshak National Fish Hatchery
  • Start Date: 03/01/2018
  • End Date: 02/29/2020
Area Description

No Area Description data was found for this worksite.

Location Information

  • Basin: Clearwater (170603)
  • Subbasin: Clearwater (17060306)
  • Watershed: Upper Clearwater River (1706030605)
  • Subwatershed: Big Creek-Clearwater River (170603060504)
  • State: Idaho
  • Recovery Domain: Snake River
  • Latitude: 46.5023
  • Longitude: -116.3241

ESU

  • Un-Named ESU Coho

Map

Photos

Metrics

Metrics
  • D.0 Salmonid Hatcheries and Harvest ManagementY (Y/N)
    •      . . D.0.a Hatchery and harvest mgmt. funding 178,325.00
    •      . . D.0.b
      Complement habitat restoration project
      Protect and Restore Lapwai Creek, 1999-017-00, BPA
    •      . . D.0.c
      Project Identified in a plan or watershed assessment.
      1. Nez Perce Tribe Coho Master Plan Clearwater River Basin (2004) 2. Federal Columbia River Power System Biological Opinion Remand (2004). 3. Strategy for the Ecological Restoration of the Lapwai Creek Watershed (Richardson and Rasmussen 2008).
    •      . . D.1 Hatchery Production ProjectY (Y/N)
      •      . . . . D.1.a Hatchery Production Funding 158,325.00
      •      . . . . D.1.e.1 Native/wild broodstock collection/relocationY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . . . D.1.e.2 Number by species of broodstock collected (LOV)
      •      . . D.2 Fish Marking ProjectY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . D.2.a Fish Marking Funding 20,000.00
        •      . . . . D.2.b.1 Salmonids Marked and Released.Y (Y/N)
          •      . . . . . . D.2.b.2 Number by species of fry/smolt marked or tagged and released (LOV)
          •      . . . . . . D.2.b.3 Pupose of marking/tagging (LOV)

Eagle Creek National Fish Hatchery    


  • Worksite Identifier: Eagle Creek National Fish Hatchery
  • Start Date: 03/01/2018
  • End Date: 02/29/2020
Area Description

No Area Description data was found for this worksite.

Location Information

  • Basin: Willamette (170900)
  • Subbasin: Clackamas (17090011)
  • Watershed: Eagle Creek (1709001105)
  • Subwatershed: Lower Eagle Creek (170900110503)
  • State: Oregon
  • Recovery Domain: Willamette River
  • Latitude: 45.2762
  • Longitude: -122.2017

ESU

  • Un-Named ESU Coho

Map

Photos

Metrics

Metrics
  • D.0 Salmonid Hatcheries and Harvest ManagementY (Y/N)
    •      . . D.0.a Hatchery and harvest mgmt. funding 354,278.00
    •      . . D.0.b
      Complement habitat restoration project
      Protect and Restore Lapwai Creek, 1999-017-00, BPA
    •      . . D.0.c
      Project Identified in a plan or watershed assessment.
      1. Nez Perce Tribe Coho Master Plan Clearwater River Basin (2004) 2. Federal Columbia River Power System Biological Opinion Remand (2004). 3. Strategy for the Ecological Restoration of the Lapwai Creek Watershed (Richardson and Rasmussen 2008).
    •      . . D.1 Hatchery Production ProjectY (Y/N)
      •      . . . . D.1.a Hatchery Production Funding 250,000.00
      •      . . . . D.1.b.1 Salmonids Reared/ReleasedY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . . . D.1.b.2 Number by species of Salmonids Reared/Released (LOV)
        •      . . . . . . D.1.b.3 Purpose Of Production/Release (LOV)
      •      . . D.2 Fish Marking ProjectY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . D.2.a Fish Marking Funding 104,278.00
        •      . . . . D.2.b.1 Salmonids Marked and Released.Y (Y/N)
          •      . . . . . . D.2.b.2 Number by species of fry/smolt marked or tagged and released (LOV)
          •      . . . . . . D.2.b.3 Pupose of marking/tagging (LOV)

Kooskia National Fish Hatchery    


  • Worksite Identifier: Kooskia National Fish Hatchery
  • Start Date: 03/01/2018
  • End Date: 02/29/2020
Area Description

No Area Description data was found for this worksite.

Location Information

  • Basin: Clearwater (170603)
  • Subbasin: Middle Fork Clearwater (17060304)
  • Watershed: Clear Creek (1706030401)
  • Subwatershed: Lower Clear Creek (170603040103)
  • State: Idaho
  • Recovery Domain: Snake River
  • Latitude: 46.1302
  • Longitude: -115.9483

ESU

  • Un-Named ESU Coho

Map

Photos

Metrics

Metrics
  • D.0 Salmonid Hatcheries and Harvest ManagementY (Y/N)
    •      . . D.0.a Hatchery and harvest mgmt. funding 135,000.00
    •      . . D.0.b
      Complement habitat restoration project
      Protect and Restore Lapwai Creek, 1999-017-00, BPA
    •      . . D.0.c
      Project Identified in a plan or watershed assessment.
      1. Nez Perce Tribe Coho Master Plan Clearwater River Basin (2004) 2. Federal Columbia River Power System Biological Opinion Remand (2004). 3. Strategy for the Ecological Restoration of the Lapwai Creek Watershed (Richardson and Rasmussen 2008).
    •      . . D.1 Hatchery Production ProjectY (Y/N)
      •      . . . . D.1.a Hatchery Production Funding 120,000.00
      •      . . . . D.1.b.1 Salmonids Reared/ReleasedY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . . . D.1.b.2 Number by species of Salmonids Reared/Released (LOV)
        •      . . . . . . D.1.b.3 Purpose Of Production/Release (LOV)
      •      . . D.2 Fish Marking ProjectY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . D.2.a Fish Marking Funding 15,000.00
        •      . . . . D.2.b.1 Salmonids Marked and Released.Y (Y/N)
          •      . . . . . . D.2.b.2 Number by species of fry/smolt marked or tagged and released (LOV)
          •      . . . . . . D.2.b.3 Pupose of marking/tagging (LOV)

Lapwai Creek    


  • Worksite Identifier: Lapwai Creek
  • Start Date: 03/01/2018
  • End Date: 02/29/2020
Area Description

No Area Description data was found for this worksite.

Location Information

  • Basin: Clearwater (170603)
  • Subbasin: Clearwater (17060306)
  • Watershed: Lapwai Creek (1706030612)
  • Subwatershed: Lower Lapwai Creek (170603061206)
  • State: Idaho
  • Recovery Domain: Snake River
  • Latitude: 46.4482
  • Longitude: -116.8177

ESU

  • Un-Named ESU Coho

Map

Photos

Metrics

Metrics
  • D.0 Salmonid Hatcheries and Harvest ManagementY (Y/N)
    •      . . D.0.a Hatchery and harvest mgmt. funding 50,337.00
    •      . . D.0.b
      Complement habitat restoration project
      Protect and Restore Lapwai Creek, 1999-017-00, BPA
    •      . . D.0.c
      Project Identified in a plan or watershed assessment.
      1. Nez Perce Tribe Coho Master Plan Clearwater River Basin (2004) 2. Federal Columbia River Power System Biological Opinion Remand (2004). 3. Strategy for the Ecological Restoration of the Lapwai Creek Watershed (Richardson and Rasmussen 2008).
    •      . . D.1 Hatchery Production ProjectY (Y/N)
      •      . . . . D.1.a Hatchery Production Funding 50,337.00
      •      . . . . D.1.d.1 Salmonids outplantedY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . . . D.1.d.2 Number by species of Salmonids Outplanted (LOV)

Lostine River/Cascade Fish Hatchery    


  • Worksite Identifier: Lostine River/Cascade Fish Hatchery
  • Start Date: 03/01/2018
  • End Date: 02/29/2020
Area Description

No Area Description data was found for this worksite.

Location Information

  • Basin: Lower Columbia (170800)
  • Subbasin: Lower Columbia-Sandy (17080001)
  • Watershed: Washougal River (1708000106)
  • Subwatershed: West Fork Washougal River (170800010603)
  • State: Washington
  • Recovery Domain: Lower Columbia River
  • Latitude: 45.64167
  • Longitude: -122.2017

ESU

  • Un-Named ESU Coho

Map

Photos

Metrics

Metrics
  • D.0 Salmonid Hatcheries and Harvest ManagementY (Y/N)
    •      . . D.0.a Hatchery and harvest mgmt. funding 258,000.00
    •      . . D.0.b
      Complement habitat restoration project
      Protect and Restore Lapwai Creek, 1999-017-00, BPA
    •      . . D.0.c
      Project Identified in a plan or watershed assessment.
      1. Nez Perce Tribe Coho Master Plan Clearwater River Basin (2004) 2. Federal Columbia River Power System Biological Opinion Remand (2004). 3. Strategy for the Ecological Restoration of the Lapwai Creek Watershed (Richardson and Rasmussen 2008).
    •      . . D.1 Hatchery Production ProjectY (Y/N)
      •      . . . . D.1.a Hatchery Production Funding 250,000.00
      •      . . . . D.1.b.1 Salmonids Reared/ReleasedY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . . . D.1.b.2 Number by species of Salmonids Reared/Released (LOV)
        •      . . . . . . D.1.b.3 Purpose Of Production/Release (LOV)
      •      . . D.2 Fish Marking ProjectY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . D.2.a Fish Marking Funding 8,000.00
        •      . . . . D.2.b.1 Salmonids Marked and Released.Y (Y/N)
          •      . . . . . . D.2.b.2 Number by species of fry/smolt marked or tagged and released (LOV)
          •      . . . . . . D.2.b.3 Pupose of marking/tagging (LOV)