Mason Meadow Restoration

Salmonid Habitat Restoration and Acquisition

Instream Habitat Riparian Habitat
Project ID005 15 CW
Recovery DomainsInterior Columbia
Start Date12/10/2015
End Date06/30/2019
Year2015
StatusCompleted
Last Edited10/21/2021
 
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Description    


In order to restore meadow hydrology and improve downstream habitat for steelhead trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss, ESA-listed threatened), Latah Soil and Water Conservation District (Latah SWCD) implemented this project to improve hydration of the meadow system by retaining flows in the project reach and improving floodplain access and interaction. The project removed the northeast channel (ditch), 0.25 miles, from the flow path and diverted the flow into the abandoned southwest channel, 0.36 miles. Length of stream protected was 0.36 miles and the size of the work site is approximately 20 acres.

Instream Habitat:
Stream treatment occurred on 0.36 miles of West Fork Big Bear Creek. To remove flow from the active ditch, one habitat structure and one channel diversion structure were constructed at the top of the ditch. The ditch was plugged with five earthen structures (ditch plugs) leaving the channel intact between plugs. These intact reaches retain spring flood flows in wetland pools that hold water throughout the growing season and provide hyporheic flow across the meadow. Two 50-foot persuasion channels were dug above the first two ditch plugs to help reduce pressure on the ditch plugs during peak flows. Approximately 16.5 acres of floodplain were reconnected following project implementation.

In total, five log structures and eight faux beaver dams were constructed in the historic channel to provide grade control and for pool creation. In the southeastern portion of the project area, 0.3 acres of the floodplain were regraded to correct previous earthwork that was disrupting the floodplain hydrology in the meadow. Two stick berms were constructed on site to slow overland flow and captures debris and sediment during high flow events. The entire treated stream length (0.36 miles) was treated for invasive weeds. Weed species for control included: Reed Canarygrass (Phalaris arundinacea), Sulfur cinquefoil (Potentilla recta), Orange hawkweed (Hieracium aurantiacum), Yellow hawkweed (Hieracium caespitosum), Houngstongue (Cynoglossum officinale), Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense), and Tansy (Tanacetum vulgare).

Riparian Habitat:
In total, approximately 2.5 acres of the site were revegetated with local native riparian and meadow plant species. The length of the historic channel, 0.36 miles, was revegetated with a mix of native trees, shrubs, grasses, grass-likes, and forbs. Total area planted along the historic channel with a 20-foot buffer on both sides is 1.74 acres. All areas disturbed during construction were decompacted if needed, revegetated, and reshaped with embedded wood and slash to promote roughness, retain sediment, and trap native seed stock. Directly following construction in fall 2016, all disturbed areas were seeded with a native grass and forb mix and mulched with certified weed-free straw mulch to improve germination rates. Channel diversion structures and ditch plugs were revegetated using a combination of purchased sedge mats, native grass and forb seed, cuttings, and container plants. A diverse mix of native grasses, grass-likes, forbs, shrubs and trees were planted to provide a variety of rooting depths for soil stability, increased ground coverage to prevent weed encroachment, and to increase wildlife and pollinator habitat. Planting and weed control efforts continued through spring 2019.

Project Benefit    


This project will restore hydration of the meadow complex, increase the amount of groundwater stored, improve hyporheic water exchange, extend base flows, and enhance meadow/riparian vegetation all of which will improve downstream steelhead habitat. The fish impacted by the results of this project are part of the lower mainstem Clearwater population of the Clearwater Major Population Group of the Snake River steelhead Distinct Population Segment. A (partial) fish passage barrier exists approximately 9 miles downstream of this project; IDFG have sampled steelhead immediately above the barrier and below the barrier. IDFG intends to restore passage at this site and has had several alternative engineering designs for the site. The IDFG has identified Big Bear Creek as the highest priority for restoration in the Potlatch River (Potlatch River Watershed Management Plan, 2007).

Accomplishments

Metric Completed Originally
Proposed
Instream Habitat
  Stream Miles Treated .36 .36
Riparian Habitat
  Stream Miles Treated .72 .72
  Acres Treated 2.5 2.5

Funding Details

SourceFunds
PCSRF$115,588
Other$125,257
In-Kind Other$69,119
Report Total:$309,964


Project Map



Worksites

WS #1    


  • Worksite Identifier: WS #1
  • Start Date: 12/10/2015
  • End Date: 01/01/2019
Area Description
West Fork Big Bear Creek, Mason Meadow

Location Information

  • Basin: Clearwater
  • Subbasin:
  • Watershed:
  • Subwatershed:
  • State: Idaho
  • Recovery Domain: Interior Columbia
  • Latitude: 46.801996
  • Longitude: -116.649859

ESU

  • Snake River Basin Steelhead DPS

Map

Photos

Metrics

Metrics
  • C.0 Salmonid Habitat Restoration and AcquisitionY (Y/N)
    •      . . C.0.a Habitat restoration and acquisition funding 309,964.00
    •      . . C.0.b Length of stream treated/protected .36
    •      . . C.0.c
      Project identified in a Plan or Watershed Assessment
      NMFS. Nov 2015. Proposed ESA Recovery Plan for Idaho Snake River Idaho Spring/Summer Chinook Salmon and Steelhead Populations. NMFS West Coast Region Portland, Oregon AND Latah SWCD. 2007. Potlatch River Watershed Management Plan.
    •      . . C.0.d.1 Project Monitoring (LOV)
    •      . . C.0.d.2 Monitoring Location (LOV)
    •      . . C.4 Instream Habitat ProjectY (Y/N)
      •      . . . . C.4.a Instream Habitat Funding 162,716.00
      •      . . . . C.4.b Total length of instream habitat treated .36
      •      . . . . C.4.c.1 Channel reconfiguration and connectivityY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . . . C.4.c.2 Type of change to channel configuration and connectivity (LOV)
        •      . . . . . . C.4.c.3 Miles of stream treated for channel reconfiguration and connectivity .36
        •      . . . . . . C.4.c.4 Miles of off-channel stream created through channel reconfiguration and connectivity .00
        •      . . . . . . C.4.c.5 Acres of off-channel or floodplain connected through channel reconfiguration and connectivity 16.5
        •      . . . . . . C.4.c.6 Instream pools created/added through channel reconfiguration and connectivity 0
      •      . . . . C.4.d.1 Channel structure placementY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . . . C.4.d.2 Material used for channel structure (LOV)
        •      . . . . . . C.4.d.3 Miles of stream treated through channel structure placement .36
        •      . . . . . . C.4.d.5 Pools expected to be created through channel structure placement 13
        •      . . . . . . C.4.d.7 Number of structures placed in channel 13
      •      . . C.5 Riparian Habitat ProjectY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . C.5.a Riparian Habitat Funding 147,248.00
        •      . . . . C.5.b.1 Total riparian miles streambank treated .72
        •      . . . . C.5.b.2 Total Riparian Acres Treated 2.5
        •      . . . . C.5.c.1 Riparian plantingY (Y/N)
          •      . . . . . . C.5.c.2
            Species of plants planted in riparian
            Alnus incana, Amelanchier alnifolia, Cornus sericea, Crataegus douglasii, Holodiscus discolor, Physocarpus capitatus, Picea engelmannii, Pinus contorta, Pinus ponderosa, Populus tremuloides, Populus trichocarpa, Rosa nutkana, Rosa woodsii, Salix spp., Sambucus caerulea, Spiraea douglasii, Symphoricarpos albus, Achillea millefolium, Asclepias speciosa, Chamerion angustifolium, Eriophyllum lanatum, Gaillardia aristata, Galium boreale, Geranium viscosissimum, Helianthella uniflora, Heuchera cylindrica, Linum lewisii, Lomatium dissectum, Lomatium triternatum, Lupinus sericeus, Penstemon attenuatus, Potentilla arguta, Potentilla gracilis, Senecio integerrimus, Sidalcea oregana, Solidago canadensis, Solidago missouriensis, Symphyotrichum spathulatum, Thermopsis montana, Agrostis exerata, Beckmannia syzigachne, Bromus, carinatus, Bromus marginatus, Danthonia californica, Deschampsis cespitosa, Deschampsia elongata, Elymus glaucus, Glyceria striata, Hordeum brachycantherum, Carex angustata, Carex lenticularis, Carex nebrascensis, Carex stipata, Carex utriculata, Carex vesicaria, Juncus effusus, Juncus ensifolius, Scirpus microcarpus
          •      . . . . . . C.5.c.3 Acres planted in riparian 2.5
          •      . . . . . . C.5.c.4 Miles of streambank treated with riparian planting .72
        •      . . . . C.5.h.1 Riparian plant removal/controlY (Y/N)
          •      . . . . . . C.5.h.2
            Species of plants treated/removed in riparian
            Phalaris arundinacea, Potentilla recta, Hieracium aurantiacum, Hieracium caespitosum, Cynoglossum officinale, Cirsium arvense
          •      . . . . . . C.5.h.3 Acres of riparian treated for plant removal/control 2.5
          •      . . . . . . C.5.h.4 Miles of streambank treated for riparian plant removal/control