Snake River Coho Restoration IV

Salmonid Hatcheries and Harvest Management

Fish Marking Hatchery Production
Project ID20-NezP-01
Recovery DomainsWillamette R. - Lower Columbia, Interior Columbia
Start Date03/01/2021
End Date06/30/2025
Year2020
StatusOngoing
Last Edited10/12/2021
 
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Description    


In 1994, the Nez Perce Tribe (NPT) initiated a coho reintroduction program as a result of agreements in the U.S. v. Oregon forum that reprogrammed Lower Columbia River Mitchell Act hatcheries to produce coho salmon for release in the Clearwater River Subbasin. The focus of the project is to restore Snake River coho salmon population to levels of abundance and productivity sufficient to support a sustainable run capable of annual harvest in the Clearwater River subbasin and the Grande Ronde River subbasin. The NPT Clearwater River coho salmon production project is utilizing a phased approach for reintroduction and establishment of a localized coho salmon stock capable of enduring the migration to the Clearwater River. Historically, the Grande Ronde River was a major production area for coho in the Snake River Basin. In 2017, the NPT reintroduced coho into the Grande Ronde subbasin.The Nez Perce Tribe considered many alternatives for re-establishing coho salmon in the Wallowa watershed, a tributary of the Grande Ronde. After analysis of alternatives, the Nez Perce Tribe determined a preferred alternative that meets, within a reasonable length of time, stated objectives, needs, and biological concerns. Currently, the NPT is utilizing four different hatchery facilities for the development of a localized Clearwater River coho stock and planned reintroduction of coho to the Lostine River, a tributary of the Clearwater. This project support continued activities by the Nez Perce Tribe to restore Coho salmon to the Snake basin during 2021-2022. The proposed description and metrics described here reflect the combined resources that PCSRF and Mitchell Act funding contribute to this effort.

Specific work proposed under this project by worksite is as follows.

WS #1 Dworshak National Fish Hatchery (DNFH): Propose to trap 600 returning coho adults and use as broodstock to provide eggs for the coho hatchery production groups under this project (October 2021- December 2021). When the smolts reach optimum growth levels they will be transported to Kooskia National Fish Hatchery for acclimation and released (January 2022- April 2022). Also under this project the tribe proposes to mark 60,000 of the coho with Coded Wire Tags (July 2021). A total of 500,000 Clearwater stock smolts will transferred to Kooskia National Fish Hatchery for final acclamation and will be released April 2022.

WS #2 Eagle Creek National Fish Hatchery (ECNFH): Propose to transport 275,000 Clearwater River smolts to Lapwai Creek and 275,000 to Kooskia NFH for acclimation and release into Clear Creek and Lapwai Creek (March 2021). Will collect and spawn Clearwater River returning adults to provide eyed eggs to ECNFH. Eggs will be reared until March 2021 and transported to Lapwai Creek and Kooskia NFH for acclimation and release.

WS #3 Kooskia National Fish Hatchery (KNFH): Propose to trap 800 coho adults and use as broodstock to provide eggs for all of the coho hatchery production groups (October 2021- December 2021). BY20: Propose to incubate and acclimatize the 775,000 coho smolts from DNFH and ECNFH and pit tag 5,000 of the smolts (February 2021- April 2021). Propose to release the coho smolts directly into Clear Creek next to KNFH (April 2021).

WS #4 Lapwai Creek: Propose to trap 600 coho adults and used as broodstock to provide eggs for all of the coho hatchery production groups (October 2021- December 2021). BY20: Propose to release 275,000 smolts from ECNFH (March 2021). Propose to mark 35,000 of the coho with coded wire tags.

WS #5 Lostine River: Release Year 2021 will be the fourth year of reintroduction of coho into Grande Ronde River subbasin. Releasing a smolt group from Cascade Fish Hatchery located near Cascade Locks Oregon. The release group will be 500,000 Tanner Creek stock smolts released into Lostine River (March 2021). Propose to mark 60,000 of the coho with coded wire tags and Ad clip 100 percent of released smolts

Project Benefit    


The NPT’s overall goal is to reintroduce and restore coho salmon to the Snake River Subbasin at levels of abundance and productivity sufficient to support sustainable runs and annual harvest. Consistent with the Clearwater Subbasin Plan and Wy-Kan-Ush-Mi Wa-Kish-Wit: Spirit of the Salmon Tribal Recovery Plan, the NPT envisions an annual escapement of 14,000 coho to the Clearwater River Subbasin. Based on results from the existing Clearwater River Subbasin coho production program and experience in managing anadromous fish populations in the Snake River Basin. The NPT’s long-term goal is to return 7,000 adult coho to the Wallowa River watershed in the Grande Ronde River subbasin. Nez Perce Tribe believes this program will require a substantial hatchery production component and the establishment of highly productive naturally spawning coho salmon aggregates.

The Nez Perce Tribe developed management objectives aimed at achieving the overall goal of the program. These include:
• Establish a localized Clearwater River subbasin coho salmon hatchery broodstock.
• Establish a localized Grande Ronde subbasin coho salmon hatchery broodstock.
• Establish natural spawning populations of coho salmon in the Clearwater River Subbasin and Grande Ronde River subbasin.
• Utilize hatchery production to achieve optimal production effectiveness while meeting priority management objectives for natural production enhancement, harvest, diversity and minimizing impacts to non-target populations.
• Restore and maintain treaty-reserved tribal and recreational fisheries.
• Monitor and evaluate program activities and communicate program findings to resource managers.
• This project specifically provides fish for tribal treaty rights. It gives the treaty tribes access to Mitchell Act fish that were previously released downstream of Bonneville Dam. It provides fish for harvest in the Columbia River from the mouth up through Zone 6. it provides fish for harvest in the tributaries of the Snake River, and it provides fish for natural spawning and reintroduction of extirpated stocks in the Snake River.

Accomplishments

Metric Completed Originally
Proposed
Hatchery Fish Marked
  Fry/Smolt Marked And Released 155,000

Funding Details

SourceFunds
PCSRF$392,850
Other$627,000
Report Total:$1,019,850


Project Map



Worksites

Lapwai Creek Weir    


  • Worksite Identifier: Lapwai Creek Weir
  • Start Date: 02/01/2021
  • End Date: 06/30/2025
Area Description

No Area Description data was found for this worksite.

Location Information

  • Basin: Clearwater
  • Subbasin:
  • Watershed:
  • Subwatershed:
  • State: Idaho
  • Recovery Domain: Interior Columbia
  • Latitude: 46.4482
  • Longitude: -116.8177

ESU

  • Un-Named ESU Coho

Map

Photos

Metrics

Metrics
  • D.0 Salmonid Hatcheries and Harvest ManagementY (Y/N)
    •      . . D.0.a Hatchery and harvest mgmt. funding .00
    •      . . D.0.b
      Complement habitat restoration project
    •      . . D.0.c
      Project Identified in a plan or watershed assessment.
    •      . . D.1 Hatchery Production ProjectY (Y/N)
      •      . . . . D.1.a Hatchery Production Funding
      •      . . . . D.1.d.1 Salmonids outplantedY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . . . D.1.d.2 Number by species of Salmonids Outplanted (LOV)
      •      . . D.2 Fish Marking ProjectY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . D.2.a Fish Marking Funding
        •      . . . . D.2.b.1 Salmonids Marked and Released.Y (Y/N)
          •      . . . . . . D.2.b.2 Number by species of fry/smolt marked or tagged and released (LOV)
          •      . . . . . . D.2.b.3 Pupose of marking/tagging (LOV)

Kooskia National Fish Hatchery    


  • Worksite Identifier: Kooskia National Fish Hatchery
  • Start Date: 02/01/2021
  • End Date: 06/30/2025
Area Description

No Area Description data was found for this worksite.

Location Information

  • Basin: Clearwater
  • Subbasin:
  • Watershed:
  • Subwatershed:
  • State: Idaho
  • Recovery Domain: Interior Columbia
  • Latitude: 46.4482
  • Longitude: -116.8177

ESU

  • Un-Named ESU Coho

Map

Photos

Metrics

Metrics
  • D.0 Salmonid Hatcheries and Harvest ManagementY (Y/N)
    •      . . D.0.a Hatchery and harvest mgmt. funding .00
    •      . . D.0.b
      Complement habitat restoration project
    •      . . D.0.c
      Project Identified in a plan or watershed assessment.
    •      . . D.1 Hatchery Production ProjectY (Y/N)
      •      . . . . D.1.a Hatchery Production Funding
      •      . . . . D.1.b.1 Salmonids Reared/ReleasedY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . . . D.1.b.2 Number by species of Salmonids Reared/Released (LOV)
        •      . . . . . . D.1.b.3 Purpose Of Production/Release (LOV)
      •      . . . . D.1.e.1 Native/wild broodstock collection/relocationY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . . . D.1.e.2 Number by species of broodstock collected (LOV)

Dworshak National Fish Hatchery    


  • Worksite Identifier: Dworshak National Fish Hatchery
  • Start Date: 02/01/2021
  • End Date: 06/30/2025
Area Description

No Area Description data was found for this worksite.

Location Information

  • Basin: Clearwater
  • Subbasin:
  • Watershed:
  • Subwatershed:
  • State: Idaho
  • Recovery Domain: Interior Columbia
  • Latitude: 46.5023
  • Longitude: -116.3241

ESU

  • Un-Named ESU Coho

Map

Photos

Metrics

Metrics
  • D.0 Salmonid Hatcheries and Harvest ManagementY (Y/N)
    •      . . D.0.a Hatchery and harvest mgmt. funding .00
    •      . . D.0.b
      Complement habitat restoration project
    •      . . D.0.c
      Project Identified in a plan or watershed assessment.
    •      . . D.1 Hatchery Production ProjectY (Y/N)
      •      . . . . D.1.a Hatchery Production Funding
      •      . . . . D.1.e.1 Native/wild broodstock collection/relocationY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . . . D.1.e.2 Number by species of broodstock collected (LOV)
      •      . . D.2 Fish Marking ProjectY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . D.2.a Fish Marking Funding
        •      . . . . D.2.b.1 Salmonids Marked and Released.Y (Y/N)
          •      . . . . . . D.2.b.2 Number by species of fry/smolt marked or tagged and released (LOV)
          •      . . . . . . D.2.b.3 Pupose of marking/tagging (LOV)

Lostine River    


  • Worksite Identifier: Lostine River
  • Start Date: 02/01/2021
  • End Date: 06/30/2025
Area Description

No Area Description data was found for this worksite.

Location Information

  • Basin: Lower Snake
  • Subbasin:
  • Watershed:
  • Subwatershed:
  • State: Oregon
  • Recovery Domain: Interior Columbia
  • Latitude: 45.5432
  • Longitude: -117.4844

ESU

  • Un-Named ESU Coho

Map

Photos

Metrics

Metrics
  • D.0 Salmonid Hatcheries and Harvest ManagementY (Y/N)
    •      . . D.0.a Hatchery and harvest mgmt. funding .00
    •      . . D.0.b
      Complement habitat restoration project
    •      . . D.0.c
      Project Identified in a plan or watershed assessment.
    •      . . D.1 Hatchery Production ProjectY (Y/N)
      •      . . . . D.1.a Hatchery Production Funding
      •      . . . . D.1.b.1 Salmonids Reared/ReleasedY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . . . D.1.b.2 Number by species of Salmonids Reared/Released (LOV)
        •      . . . . . . D.1.b.3 Purpose Of Production/Release (LOV)
      •      . . D.2 Fish Marking ProjectY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . D.2.a Fish Marking Funding
        •      . . . . D.2.b.1 Salmonids Marked and Released.Y (Y/N)
          •      . . . . . . D.2.b.2 Number by species of fry/smolt marked or tagged and released (LOV)
          •      . . . . . . D.2.b.3 Pupose of marking/tagging (LOV)

Eagle Creek National Fish Hatchery    


  • Worksite Identifier: Eagle Creek National Fish Hatchery
  • Start Date: 02/01/2021
  • End Date: 06/30/2025
Area Description

No Area Description data was found for this worksite.

Location Information

  • Basin: Willamette
  • Subbasin:
  • Watershed:
  • Subwatershed:
  • State: Oregon
  • Recovery Domain: Willamette R. - Lower Columbia
  • Latitude: 45.2762
  • Longitude: -122.2017

ESU

  • Un-Named ESU Coho

Map

Photos

Metrics

Metrics
  • D.0 Salmonid Hatcheries and Harvest ManagementY (Y/N)
    •      . . D.0.a Hatchery and harvest mgmt. funding .00
    •      . . D.0.b
      Complement habitat restoration project
    •      . . D.0.c
      Project Identified in a plan or watershed assessment.
    •      . . D.1 Hatchery Production ProjectY (Y/N)
      •      . . . . D.1.a Hatchery Production Funding
      •      . . . . D.1.b.1 Salmonids Reared/ReleasedY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . . . D.1.b.2 Number by species of Salmonids Reared/Released (LOV)
        •      . . . . . . D.1.b.3 Purpose Of Production/Release (LOV)