Snake River Coho Restoration IV

Salmonid Hatcheries and Harvest Management

Fish Marking Hatchery Production
Project ID20-NezP-01
Recovery DomainsWillamette River, Snake River
Start Date03/01/2021
End Date08/31/2023
Year2020
StatusCompleted
Last Edited05/08/2024
 
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Description    


In 1994, the Nez Perce Tribe (NPT) initiated a coho reintroduction program as a result of agreements in the U.S. v. Oregon forum that reprogrammed Lower Columbia River Mitchell Act hatcheries to produce coho salmon for release in the Clearwater River Subbasin. The focus of the project is to restore Snake River coho salmon population to levels of abundance and productivity sufficient to support a sustainable run capable of annual harvest in the Clearwater River subbasin and the Grande Ronde River subbasin. The NPT Clearwater River coho salmon production project is utilizing a phased approach for reintroduction and establishment of a localized coho salmon stock capable of enduring the migration to the Clearwater River. Historically, the Grande Ronde River was a major production area for coho in the Snake River Basin. In 2017, the NPT reintroduced coho into the Grande Ronde subbasin.The Nez Perce Tribe considered many alternatives for re-establishing coho salmon in the Wallowa watershed, a tributary of the Grande Ronde. After analysis of alternatives, the Nez Perce Tribe determined a preferred alternative that meets, within a reasonable length of time, stated objectives, needs, and biological concerns. Currently, the NPT is utilizing four different hatchery facilities for the development of a localized Clearwater River coho stock and planned reintroduction of coho to the Lostine River, a tributary of the Clearwater. This project supported continued activities by the Nez Perce Tribe to restore Coho salmon to the Snake basin during 2021-2022. The project description and metrics described here reflect the combined resources that PCSRF and Mitchell Act funding contributed to this effort.



Specific work achieved under the 2020 iteration of this project by worksite is as follows.



WS #1: Dworshak National Fish Hatchery (DNFH) – Trapped 177 returning coho adults and use as broodstock to provide eggs for the coho hatchery production groups. 105,484 smolts were marked with coded wire tags and released.



WS #2: Eagle Creek National Fish Hatchery (ECNFH) – 614,109 Coho were reared and released.



WS #3: Kooskia National Fish Hatchery (KNFH) -- Trapped 4,174 coho adults and used as broodstock to provide eggs for all the coho hatchery production groups under this project. Acclimated and released 1,027,966 coho smolts directly into Clear Creek next to Kooskia National Fish Hatchery.



WS #4: Lapwai Creek – Trapped 4,905 coho adults and used as broodstock to provide eggs for all of the coho hatchery production groups under this project. Acclimated and released 354,518 smolts. Marked 4,998 coho with PIT Tags and 30,004 coho with Coded Wire Tags (35,002 total marked).



WS #5: Lostine River - Released 528,809 Coho smolts into Lostine River. Marked 101,481 with coded wire tags and 1,000 with PIT tags (102,481 total marked)

Project Benefit    


The NPT’s overall goal is to reintroduce and restore coho salmon to the Snake River Subbasin at levels of abundance and productivity sufficient to support sustainable runs and annual harvest. Consistent with the Clearwater Subbasin Plan and Wy-Kan-Ush-Mi Wa-Kish-Wit: Spirit of the Salmon Tribal Recovery Plan, the NPT envisions an annual escapement of 14,000 coho to the Clearwater River Subbasin. Based on results from the existing Clearwater River Subbasin coho production program and experience in managing anadromous fish populations in the Snake River Basin. The NPT’s long-term goal is to return 7,000 adult coho to the Wallowa River watershed in the Grande Ronde River subbasin. Nez Perce Tribe believes this program will require a substantial hatchery production component and the establishment of highly productive naturally spawning coho salmon aggregates.



The Nez Perce Tribe developed management objectives aimed at achieving the overall goal of the program. These include:

• Establish a localized Clearwater River subbasin coho salmon hatchery broodstock.

• Establish a localized Grande Ronde subbasin coho salmon hatchery broodstock.

• Establish natural spawning populations of coho salmon in the Clearwater River Subbasin and Grande Ronde River subbasin.

• Utilize hatchery production to achieve optimal production effectiveness while meeting priority management objectives for natural production enhancement, harvest, diversity and minimizing impacts to non-target populations.

• Restore and maintain treaty-reserved tribal and recreational fisheries.

• Monitor and evaluate program activities and communicate program findings to resource managers.

• This project specifically provides fish for tribal treaty rights. It gives the treaty tribes access to Mitchell Act fish that were previously released downstream of Bonneville Dam. It provides fish for harvest in the Columbia River from the mouth up through Zone 6. it provides fish for harvest in the tributaries of the Snake River, and it provides fish for natural spawning and reintroduction of extirpated stocks in the Snake River.

Accomplishments

Metric Completed Originally
Proposed
Hatchery Fish Marked
  Fry/Smolt Marked And Released 242,967 155,000

Funding Details

SourceFunds
PCSRF$392,850
Other$627,000
Report Total:$1,019,850


Project Map



Worksites

Eagle Creek National Fish Hatchery    


  • Worksite Identifier: Eagle Creek National Fish Hatchery
  • Start Date: 03/01/2021
  • End Date: 08/31/2023
Area Description

No Area Description data was found for this worksite.

Location Information

  • Basin: Willamette (170900)
  • Subbasin: Clackamas (17090011)
  • Watershed: Eagle Creek (1709001105)
  • Subwatershed: Lower Eagle Creek (170900110503)
  • State: Oregon
  • Recovery Domain: Willamette River
  • Latitude: 45.2762
  • Longitude: -122.2017

ESU

  • Un-Named ESU Coho

Map

Photos

Metrics

Metrics
  • D.0 Salmonid Hatcheries and Harvest ManagementY (Y/N)
    •      . . D.0.a Hatchery and harvest mgmt. funding 250,000.00
    •      . . D.0.b
      Complement habitat restoration project
      Protect and Restore Lapwai Creek, 1999-017-00, BPA
    •      . . D.0.c
      Project Identified in a plan or watershed assessment.
      Nez Perce Tribe Coho Master Plan Clearwater River Basin (2004) and WY-KAN-USH-MI WA-KISH-WIT: Volume I: 5B-14-22; Volume II: 2-104-127.The Subbasin Plan has objectives that specifically address improving aquatic diversity and complexity, and protecting and restoring riparian habitats. Productivity modeling efforts indicate moderate potential productivity for the Lapwai Creek watershed. 2. Federal Columbia River Power System Biological Opinion Remand (2004). 3. Strategy for the Ecological Restoration of the Lapwai Creek Watershed (Richardson and Rasmussen 2008).
    •      . . D.1 Hatchery Production ProjectY (Y/N)
      •      . . . . D.1.a Hatchery Production Funding 250,000.00
      •      . . . . D.1.b.1 Salmonids Reared/ReleasedY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . . . D.1.b.2 Number by species of Salmonids Reared/Released (LOV)
        •      . . . . . . D.1.b.3 Purpose Of Production/Release (LOV)

Lapwai Creek Weir    


  • Worksite Identifier: Lapwai Creek Weir
  • Start Date: 03/01/2021
  • End Date: 08/31/2023
Area Description

No Area Description data was found for this worksite.

Location Information

  • Basin: Clearwater (170603)
  • Subbasin: Clearwater (17060306)
  • Watershed: Lapwai Creek (1706030612)
  • Subwatershed: Lower Lapwai Creek (170603061206)
  • State: Idaho
  • Recovery Domain: Snake River
  • Latitude: 46.4482
  • Longitude: -116.8177

ESU

  • Un-Named ESU Coho

Map

Photos

Metrics

Metrics
  • D.0 Salmonid Hatcheries and Harvest ManagementY (Y/N)
    •      . . D.0.a Hatchery and harvest mgmt. funding 104,000.00
    •      . . D.0.b
      Complement habitat restoration project
      Protect and Restore Lapwai Creek, 1999-017-00, BPA
    •      . . D.0.c
      Project Identified in a plan or watershed assessment.
      Nez Perce Tribe Coho Master Plan Clearwater River Basin (2004) and WY-KAN-USH-MI WA-KISH-WIT: Volume I: 5B-14-22; Volume II: 2-104-127.The Subbasin Plan has objectives that specifically address improving aquatic diversity and complexity, and protecting and restoring riparian habitats. Productivity modeling efforts indicate moderate potential productivity for the Lapwai Creek watershed. 2. Federal Columbia River Power System Biological Opinion Remand (2004). 3. Strategy for the Ecological Restoration of the Lapwai Creek Watershed (Richardson and Rasmussen 2008).
    •      . . D.1 Hatchery Production ProjectY (Y/N)
      •      . . . . D.1.a Hatchery Production Funding 64,000.00
      •      . . . . D.1.d.1 Salmonids outplantedY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . . . D.1.d.2 Number by species of Salmonids Outplanted (LOV)
      •      . . . . D.1.e.1 Native/wild broodstock collection/relocationY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . . . D.1.e.2 Number by species of broodstock collected (LOV)
      •      . . D.2 Fish Marking ProjectY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . D.2.a Fish Marking Funding 40,000.00
        •      . . . . D.2.b.1 Salmonids Marked and Released.Y (Y/N)
          •      . . . . . . D.2.b.2 Number by species of fry/smolt marked or tagged and released (LOV)
          •      . . . . . . D.2.b.3 Pupose of marking/tagging (LOV)

Kooskia National Fish Hatchery    


  • Worksite Identifier: Kooskia National Fish Hatchery
  • Start Date: 03/01/2021
  • End Date: 08/31/2023
Area Description

No Area Description data was found for this worksite.

Location Information

  • Basin: Clearwater (170603)
  • Subbasin: Clearwater (17060306)
  • Watershed: Lapwai Creek (1706030612)
  • Subwatershed: Lower Lapwai Creek (170603061206)
  • State: Idaho
  • Recovery Domain: Snake River
  • Latitude: 46.4482
  • Longitude: -116.8177

ESU

  • Un-Named ESU Coho

Map

Photos

Metrics

Metrics
  • D.0 Salmonid Hatcheries and Harvest ManagementY (Y/N)
    •      . . D.0.a Hatchery and harvest mgmt. funding 170,000.00
    •      . . D.0.b
      Complement habitat restoration project
      Protect and Restore Lapwai Creek, 1999-017-00, BPA
    •      . . D.0.c
      Project Identified in a plan or watershed assessment.
      Nez Perce Tribe Coho Master Plan Clearwater River Basin (2004) and WY-KAN-USH-MI WA-KISH-WIT: Volume I: 5B-14-22; Volume II: 2-104-127.The Subbasin Plan has objectives that specifically address improving aquatic diversity and complexity, and protecting and restoring riparian habitats. Productivity modeling efforts indicate moderate potential productivity for the Lapwai Creek watershed. 2. Federal Columbia River Power System Biological Opinion Remand (2004). 3. Strategy for the Ecological Restoration of the Lapwai Creek Watershed (Richardson and Rasmussen 2008).
    •      . . D.1 Hatchery Production ProjectY (Y/N)
      •      . . . . D.1.a Hatchery Production Funding 170,000.00
      •      . . . . D.1.b.1 Salmonids Reared/ReleasedY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . . . D.1.b.2 Number by species of Salmonids Reared/Released (LOV)
        •      . . . . . . D.1.b.3 Purpose Of Production/Release (LOV)
      •      . . . . D.1.e.1 Native/wild broodstock collection/relocationY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . . . D.1.e.2 Number by species of broodstock collected (LOV)

Dworshak National Fish Hatchery    


  • Worksite Identifier: Dworshak National Fish Hatchery
  • Start Date: 03/01/2021
  • End Date: 08/31/2023
Area Description

No Area Description data was found for this worksite.

Location Information

  • Basin: Clearwater (170603)
  • Subbasin: Clearwater (17060306)
  • Watershed: Upper Clearwater River (1706030605)
  • Subwatershed: Big Creek-Clearwater River (170603060504)
  • State: Idaho
  • Recovery Domain: Snake River
  • Latitude: 46.5023
  • Longitude: -116.3241

ESU

  • Un-Named ESU Coho

Map

Photos

Metrics

Metrics
  • D.0 Salmonid Hatcheries and Harvest ManagementY (Y/N)
    •      . . D.0.a Hatchery and harvest mgmt. funding 270,000.00
    •      . . D.0.b
      Complement habitat restoration project
      Protect and Restore Lapwai Creek, 1999-017-00, BPA
    •      . . D.0.c
      Project Identified in a plan or watershed assessment.
      Yes, Nez Perce Tribe Coho Master Plan Clearwater River Basin (2004) and WY-KAN-USH-MI WA-KISH-WIT: Volume I: 5B-14-22; Volume II: 2-104-127.The Subbasin Plan has objectives that specifically address improving aquatic diversity and complexity, and protecting and restoring riparian habitats. Productivity modeling efforts indicate moderate potential productivity for the Lapwai Creek watershed. 2. Federal Columbia River Power System Biological Opinion Remand (2004). 3. Strategy for the Ecological Restoration of the Lapwai Creek Watershed (Richardson and Rasmussen 2008).
    •      . . D.1 Hatchery Production ProjectY (Y/N)
      •      . . . . D.1.a Hatchery Production Funding 240,000.00
      •      . . . . D.1.e.1 Native/wild broodstock collection/relocationY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . . . D.1.e.2 Number by species of broodstock collected (LOV)
      •      . . D.2 Fish Marking ProjectY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . D.2.a Fish Marking Funding 30,000.00
        •      . . . . D.2.b.1 Salmonids Marked and Released.Y (Y/N)
          •      . . . . . . D.2.b.2 Number by species of fry/smolt marked or tagged and released (LOV)
          •      . . . . . . D.2.b.3 Pupose of marking/tagging (LOV)

Lostine River    


  • Worksite Identifier: Lostine River
  • Start Date: 03/01/2021
  • End Date: 08/31/2023
Area Description

No Area Description data was found for this worksite.

Location Information

  • Basin: Lower Snake (170601)
  • Subbasin: Wallowa (17060105)
  • Watershed: Lostine River (1706010502)
  • Subwatershed: Outlet Lostine River (170601050204)
  • State: Oregon
  • Recovery Domain: Snake River
  • Latitude: 45.5432
  • Longitude: -117.4844

ESU

  • Un-Named ESU Coho

Map

Photos

Metrics

Metrics
  • D.0 Salmonid Hatcheries and Harvest ManagementY (Y/N)
    •      . . D.0.a Hatchery and harvest mgmt. funding 225,850.00
    •      . . D.0.b
      Complement habitat restoration project
      Protect and Restore Lapwai Creek, 1999-017-00, BPA
    •      . . D.0.c
      Project Identified in a plan or watershed assessment.
    •      . . D.1 Hatchery Production ProjectY (Y/N)
      •      . . . . D.1.a Hatchery Production Funding 217,850.00
      •      . . . . D.1.b.1 Salmonids Reared/ReleasedY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . . . D.1.b.2 Number by species of Salmonids Reared/Released (LOV)
        •      . . . . . . D.1.b.3 Purpose Of Production/Release (LOV)
      •      . . D.2 Fish Marking ProjectY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . D.2.a Fish Marking Funding 8,000.00
        •      . . . . D.2.b.1 Salmonids Marked and Released.Y (Y/N)
          •      . . . . . . D.2.b.2 Number by species of fry/smolt marked or tagged and released (LOV)
          •      . . . . . . D.2.b.3 Pupose of marking/tagging (LOV)