FY 2019 Upper Skagit Indian Tribe’s ESA Recovery Planning

Salmonid Restoration Planning and Assessments

Restoration Planning And Coordination
Project ID19-USIT-01
Recovery DomainsPuget Sound
Start Date08/03/2020
End Date06/15/2021
Last Edited09/21/2021
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This project provided partial support for the Upper Skagit Indian Tribe’s (USIT) Natural Resources Department activities in the programmatic response to the ESA listing of all six independent Chinook stocks and four Steelhead stocks native to the Skagit Basin. The project was tied to local land and water management activities that directly impact listed species within the basin. In addition these funds supported the broad scale policy coordination of fishery and hatchery management issues surrounding ESA recovery actions for Chinook and recovery planning for Steelhead. These funds supported a portion of the tribal policy representatives to participate in local, regional, and state protection and restoration activities via the Lead Entity process. The fishery co-managers are currently working on the development of a Skagit specific recovery plan for Steelhead, and this support also provided USIT staff to assist in the plan development. The project provided tribal infrastructure support for portions of 2 FTE biologists and 1 FTE natural resource policy coordinator.

Project Benefit    

Tribal technical and policy engagement focuses on all the H’s (Habitat, Hydropower, Harvest, and Hatchery) in the Skagit River Basin as it relates to the listing of all 6 unique Skagit Chinook stocks and 4 unique Steelhead stocks under the Endanger Species Act. One of the primary functions of the Skagit Marblemount Hatchery is the production of two Chinook indicator stocks used to monitor Exploitation Rates as required by NOAA. Policy oversight is needed for all fisheries to ensure harvest actions do not limit the productivity of listed stocks by actively managing by-catch of ESA stocks. The Skagit has 2 major hydropower facilities (FERC # 2150 & # 553), which require monitoring stream flows for the protection of Chinook and Steelhead spawning redds and egg to fry survival, overseeing and participating in habitat protection mitigation, and enhancement measures specific to each FERC project is achieved by this support. This funding allows tribal participation and representation in the processes and actions funded by each of the hydropower facilities in the Skagit. Specific to the Skagit Chinook Recovery Plan, monitoring flow modifications from these facilities is essential to recovery efforts. Staff and policy interact and comment on local, state and federal land use permits and planning forums (Lead Entity) to ensure protection and restoration of critical habitat to increase habitat productivity for Chinook and Steelhead. The Tribe’s effort is based on technical involvement with local Lead Entity and federal permit review and consultation issues focusing on waters in WRIA 3 and 4. Chapter 6 in the Skagit Recovery Plan, “Factors limiting Chinook production” outlines the general mechanisms of decreased productivity (harvest, hatcheries, hydropower, and habitat), while chapter 7, 8, and 9 outline specific strategies to improve productivity with harvest management actions, protecting existing habitat, and habitat restoration strategies. The strategies undertaken by staff align with recovery actions identified in the Skagit Chinook Recovery chapters 7-9.


Metric Completed Originally

Funding Details

Report Total:$64,263

Project Map



  • Worksite Identifier: 47263176
  • Start Date:
  • End Date:
Area Description

No Area Description data was found for this worksite.

Location Information

  • Basin: Puget Sound
  • Subbasin:
  • Watershed:
  • Subwatershed:
  • State: Washington
  • Recovery Domain: Puget Sound
  • Latitude: 48.539311
  • Longitude: -122.184275


  • Puget Sound Steelhead DPS
  • Puget Sound Chinook Salmon ESU




  • B.0 Salmonid Restoration Planning and AssessmentsY (Y/N)
    •      . . B.0.a Planning And Assessment Funding 64,263.00
    •      . . B.0.b.1 Area Encompassed 2,083,928.0
    •      . . B.1 Restoration Planning And CoordinationY (Y/N)
      •      . . . . B.1.a Planning and Coordination funding 64,263.00
      •      . . . . B.1.b.1 Development of a Recovery PlanY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . . . B.1.b.1.a
          Name of the Recovery Plan
          Skagit Steelhead Workgroup. 2017. Draft Skagit River Steelhead Recovery Plan. Upper Skagit Indian Tribe, 25944 Community Plaza Way, Sedro Woolley, WA, 98284.
        •      . . . . . . B.1.b.1.b
          Description and Scope of the Recovery Plan
          This project provides supports staff participation in the Skagit Steelhead Workgroup which contributes towards the development of the steelhead recovery plan for the Skagit River. The contents of the plan will include defined biologically-based recovery goals; the identification of what is known or assumed about factors that limit production of Skagit River Steelhead; and identify strategies that are scientifically-based actions that will restore Skagit River Steelhead to optimum levels, including fisheries management, artificial production, habitat protection, habitat restoration, effectiveness monitoring, and applied research.
      •      . . . . B.1.b.2 Coordination on implementation of a Recovery PlanY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . . . B.1.b.2.a
          Name of the Recovery Plan Implemented
          Shared Strategy Development Committee and National Marine Fisheries Service. 2007. Puget Sound Salmon Recovery Plan for the Puget Sound Chinook Salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha). Comprised of two documents: 1) Shared Strategy Development Committee, 2005, Puget Sound Salmon Recovery Plan, Volumes I and II, adopted by the National Marine Fisheries Service on January 19, 2007; and 2) NMFS, 2006, Final Supplement to the Shared Strategy's Puget Sound Salmon Recovery Plan.
        •      . . . . . . B.1.b.2.b
          Description and scope of the Recovery Plan implemented
          This project funds planning and coordination efforts associated with implementing the Skagit River Chinook Recovery Plan. Through involvement with the Lead Entity (Skagit Watershed Council), Upper Skagit tribal staff will provide input on projects and strategies to ensure consistency with the recovery plan. The Upper Skagit Tribe’s involvement within recovery processes and forums ensures recovery polices, regulations, and actions enacted in association with implementing the recovery plan consider the tribe’s perspective.