Yakama Nation Southern Territories Beaver/Process-Based Restoration

Salmonid Habitat Restoration and Acquisition

Instream Habitat Riparian Habitat Wetland
Project ID19-Yaka-02
Recovery DomainsWillamette R. - Lower Columbia, Willamette and Interior Columbia
Start Date04/01/2020
End Date03/01/2024
Year2019
StatusOngoing
Last Edited04/08/2022
 
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Description    


This project will leverage the completed YN-sponsored Beaver Restoration Assessment Tool (BRAT) modeling outputs and a cooperative beaver working group composed of key stakeholders to prioritize and plan process-based stream restoration, document existing and historic beaver distribution, develop an adaptive beaver management plan, establish a temporary beaver-holding facility, and design/implement low-tech, process-based restoration projects (high-density large woody debris [HDLWD]), post-assisted wood structures (PAWS) and/or Beaver Dam Analogs (BDA)).

This project will build on beaver and headwater meadow restoration prioritization work initiated under the Yakama Nation Climate Adaptation planning effort funded via the BIA. Yakama Nation Fisheries staff will utilize funding to convert multi-watershed-scale BRAT modeling outputs into sub-watershed and reach-level priorities, design pilot projects and construct/implement structural elements (PAWS, BDAs) that mimic beaver-influenced stream processes to set the stage (habitat and forage) for longer-term beaver reintroduction, utilize in-place beaver management to foster ecosystem benefits and trap and relocate beaver to reduce conflict and provide more suitable beaver locations.

Additionally, YN staff will continue to participate in and provide support to a fledgling consortium of government entities and non-profits (Mid-Columbia Fisheries Enhancement Group, Mt. Adams Resource Stewards, United States Forest Service, Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife and Washington Department of Natural Resources) that are collaborating in order to facilitate knowledge-sharing and information-gathering on: historic and present beaver distributions, harvest rates past and present, suitable relocation sites, development of a temporary beaver-holding facility, crafting of a beaver adaptive management plan, and outreach and education regarding the role of beavers in ecosystem engineering. Support may include: purchase of supplies and fabrication of beaver-holding facility, supplies for in-place management and trapping, equipment/supplies for field-based beaver distribution mapping, and subcontracting for BDA structure design and workshops on construction.

The beaver working group will provide a forum to coordinate activities, share knowledge and host workshops on project design and implementation. The existing working group is ready to commence these actions as soon as funding is received. Work will occur from 2020-2024.

Work will take place throughout Washington-based tributaries and shoreline of the Mid-Columbia River reach (from the Wind River [Skamania County] upstream to Rock Creek [Klickitat County]). Suitable pilot projects will be identified as part of this process and applicable project metrics determined and reported on in later status and final report submissions. Likely metrics include: number of projects identified, number of participants in process-based training workshop/s, structures implemented or stream miles treated, beavers managed (in-place and relocated).

Project Benefit    


This project will ensure that the previously funded BRAT modeling efforts are advanced to a state that informs and facilitates on-the-ground projects that restore natural ecosystem processes and functions through leveraging the cooperative efforts and resources of multiple entities. This approach operates on multiple spatial scales (4 watersheds vs. reach-level project identification) and temporal scales (short-term beaver mimicry projects vs. long-term beaver reintroduction). Because modeling efforts will improve project design and implementation, they will lead to better outcomes for salmon and steelhead habitat. Planned and implemented projects will benefit listed salmonid species in the Mid-Columbia region by increasing the heterogeneity of in-stream habitat and by creating hydrologic inefficiency which leads to additional water storage on the landscape, attenuates peak flows, and subsidizes base flows, extending the surface flow period. Flow duration and water temperature are limiting factors for the production of salmonids throughout the subject river basins east of the Cascade Mt. Range crest, where precipitation levels decrease significantly along a gradient from west to east.

Accomplishments

Metric Completed Originally
Proposed
Instream Habitat
  Stream Miles Treated 1.00
Wetland Habitat
  Acres Created
  Acres Treated .2
Riparian Habitat
  Stream Miles Treated 1.00
  Acres Treated 7.0

Funding Details

SourceFunds
PCSRF$62,782
Other$20,000
Report Total:$82,782


Project Map



Worksites

Mid-Columbia River Shoreline and Adjacent Water Bodies    


  • Worksite Identifier: Mid-Columbia River Shoreline and Adjacent Water Bodies
  • Start Date: 03/01/2021
  • End Date: 03/01/2024
Area Description

No Area Description data was found for this worksite.

Location Information

  • Basin: Middle Columbia
  • Subbasin:
  • Watershed:
  • Subwatershed:
  • State: Washington
  • Recovery Domain: Willamette and Interior Columbia
  • Latitude: 45.728175
  • Longitude: -121.521655

ESU

    No ESU data was found for this worksite.

Map

Photos

Metrics

Metrics
  • C.0 Salmonid Habitat Restoration and AcquisitionY (Y/N)
    •      . . C.0.a Habitat restoration and acquisition funding .00
    •      . . C.0.b Length of stream treated/protected
    •      . . C.0.c
      Project identified in a Plan or Watershed Assessment
    •      . . C.0.d.1 Project Monitoring (LOV)
    •      . . C.0.d.2 Monitoring Location (LOV)
    •      . . C.8 Wetland ProjectY (Y/N)
      •      . . . . C.8.a Wetland funding
      •      . . . . C.8.b Total acres of wetland area treated
      •      . . . . C.8.e.1 Wetland improvement/restorationY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . . . C.8.e.2 Acres of wetland treated

Mid-Columbia River Washington Tributaries (Wind River to Rock Creek)    


  • Worksite Identifier: Mid-Columbia River Washington Tributaries (Wind River to Rock Creek)
  • Start Date: 04/01/2020
  • End Date: 03/01/2024
Area Description

No Area Description data was found for this worksite.

Location Information

  • Basin: Middle Columbia
  • Subbasin:
  • Watershed:
  • Subwatershed:
  • State: Washington
  • Recovery Domain: Willamette R. - Lower Columbia
  • Latitude: 45.72259045351276
  • Longitude: -121.7933807393978

ESU

  • Lower Columbia River Coho Salmon ESU
  • Mid-Columbia River Spring-run Chinook Salmon ESU
  • Middle Columbia River Steelhead DPS

Map

Photos

Metrics

Metrics
  • C.0 Salmonid Habitat Restoration and AcquisitionY (Y/N)
    •      . . C.0.a Habitat restoration and acquisition funding .00
    •      . . C.0.b Length of stream treated/protected
    •      . . C.0.c
      Project identified in a Plan or Watershed Assessment
    •      . . C.0.d.1 Project Monitoring (LOV)
    •      . . C.0.d.2 Monitoring Location (LOV)
    •      . . C.4 Instream Habitat ProjectY (Y/N)
      •      . . . . C.4.a Instream Habitat Funding
      •      . . . . C.4.b Total length of instream habitat treated
      •      . . . . C.4.d.1 Channel structure placementY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . . . C.4.d.2 Material used for channel structure (LOV)
        •      . . . . . . C.4.d.3 Miles of stream treated through channel structure placement
        •      . . . . . . C.4.d.4 Acres of streambed treated through channel structure placement
        •      . . . . . . C.4.d.5 Pools expected to be created through channel structure placement
        •      . . . . . . C.4.d.6 Yards of average stream-width at mid-point of channel structure placement project (Yards)
        •      . . . . . . C.4.d.7 Number of structures placed in channel
      •      . . C.5 Riparian Habitat ProjectY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . C.5.a Riparian Habitat Funding
        •      . . . . C.5.b.1 Total riparian miles streambank treated
        •      . . . . C.5.b.2 Total Riparian Acres Treated
        •      . . . . C.5.c.1 Riparian plantingY (Y/N)
          •      . . . . . . C.5.c.2
            Species of plants planted in riparian
          •      . . . . . . C.5.c.3 Acres planted in riparian
          •      . . . . . . C.5.c.4 Miles of streambank treated with riparian planting