Snake River Coho Restoration II

Salmonid Hatcheries and Harvest Management

Fish Marking Hatchery Production
Project ID18-NezP-01
Recovery DomainsWillamette River, Snake River
Start Date03/01/2019
End Date02/28/2021
Year2018
StatusCompleted
Last Edited05/08/2024
 
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Description    


In 1994, the Nez Perce Tribe (NPT) initiated a coho reintroduction program as a result of agreements that reprogrammed Lower Columbia River Mitchell Act hatcheries to produce coho salmon for release in the Clearwater River Subbasin. The focus of the project is to restore Snake River coho salmon population to levels of abundance and productivity sufficient to support a sustainable run capable of annual harvest in the Clearwater River and the Grande Ronde River subbasins. The NPT Clearwater River coho salmon production project is utilizing a phased approach for reintroduction and establishment of a localized coho salmon stock capable of enduring the migration to the Clearwater River. Coho were extirpated from the Snake River basin by 1984; in the Clearwater as early as 1927 when the Lewiston Dam was constructed (now removed).

The Nez Perce Tribe has a vision of reestablishing and maintaining coho populations in their historic range; thus the purpose of this action. This project continued this effort to reestablish coho salmon populations in the Wallowa watershed of the Grande Ronde subbasin; a subbasin of the Snake River basin located in Northeast Oregon and Southeast Washington. Currently, the NPT is utilizing four different hatchery facilities for the development of a localized Clearwater River coho stock and planned reintroduction of Lostine River coho.

Specific activities that were performed by worksite (more details are included in attached project proposal):

Worksite #1: Dworshak National Fish Hatchery (DNFH) – BY19: Trapped 874 returning coho adults and used as broodstock to provide eggs for the coho hatchery production groups under this project. Reared and released 661,153 BY18 coho and marked 168,574 of the coho with Coded Wire Tags. When the smolts had reached optimum growth levels they were transported to Kooskia NFH for acclimation and release.

Worksite #2: Eagle Creek National Fish Hatchery (ECNFH)- BY18: From broodstock eggs from DNFH and Lapwai Creek, reared 505,986 coho smolts (used non-PCSRF funding), prior to transport of 324,717 smolts to Lapwai Creek and 181,269 smolts to Kooskia NFH for acclimation and release. (used PCSRF funds).

Worksite #3: Kooskia National Fish Hatchery (KNFH) – BY19: Trapped 1,201 coho adults and used as broodstock to provide eggs for all of the coho hatchery production groups under this project (used PCSRF funds). BY18: Incubated and acclimatized 842,422 coho smolts from DNFH and ECNFH and pit tagged 4,984 of the smolts (used PCSRF funds and some other funds). Of the surviving coho smolts, released coho smolts directly into Clear Creek right next to Kooskia National Fish Hatchery (used some PCSRF funds and other funds for this).

Worksite #4: Lapwai Creek – BY19: A total of 205 coho adults were trapped and passed above the weir to allow for natural spawning (October 2019- December 2019). BY18: Acclimated and released 324,717 smolts from Eagle Creek NFH (used some non-PCSRF funds and other funds for this). Marked 4,990 coho with PIT Tags and 30,028 coho with Coded Wire Tags.

Worksite #5: Lostine River – BY18: Released 462,613 Tanner Creek stock smolts into Lostine River. Marked 91,723 with coded wire tags (used PCSRF funds).

Project Benefit    


The NPT’s overall goal is to reintroduce and restore coho salmon to the Snake River Subbasin at levels of abundance and productivity sufficient to support sustainable runs and annual harvest. Consistent with the Clearwater Subbasin Plan and Wy-Kan-Ush-Mi Wa-Kish-Wit: Spirit of the Salmon Tribal Recovery Plan, the NPT envisions an annual escapement of 14,000 coho to the Clearwater River Subbasin. Based on results from the existing Clearwater River Subbasin coho production program and experience in managing anadromous fish populations in the Snake River Basin. The NPT’s long-term goal is to return 7,000 adult coho to the Wallowa River watershed in the Grande Ronde River subbasin. Nez Perce Tribe believes this program will require a substantial hatchery production component and the establishment of highly productive naturally spawning coho salmon aggregates.

The Nez Perce Tribe developed management objectives aimed at achieving the overall goal of the program. These include:
• Establish a localized Clearwater River subbasin coho salmon broodstock.
• Establish a localized Grande Ronde subbasin coho salmon broodstock.
• Establish natural spawning populations of coho salmon in the Clearwater River Subbasin and Grande Ronde River subbasin.
• Utilize hatchery production to achieve optimal production effectiveness while meeting priority management objectives for natural production enhancement, harvest, diversity and minimizing impacts to non-target populations.
• Restore and maintain treaty-reserved tribal and recreational fisheries.
• Monitor and evaluate program activities and communicate program findings to resource managers.
• This project specifically provides fish for tribal treaty rights. It gives the treaty tribes access to Mitchell Act fish that were previously released downstream of Bonneville Dam, it provides fish for harvest in the Columbia River from the mouth up through Zone 6, it provides fish for harvest in the tributaries of the Snake River, and it provides fish for natural spawning and reintroduction of an extirpated stocks in the Snake River.

Accomplishments

Metric Completed Originally
Proposed
Hatchery Fish Marked
  Fry/Smolt Marked And Released 265,281 125,000

Funding Details

SourceFunds
PCSRF$435,000
State$250,000
Other$362,463
Report Total:$1,047,463


Project Map



Worksites

Dworshak National Fish Hatchery    


  • Worksite Identifier: Dworshak National Fish Hatchery
  • Start Date: 03/01/2019
  • End Date: 02/28/2021
Area Description

No Area Description data was found for this worksite.

Location Information

  • Basin: Clearwater (170603)
  • Subbasin: Clearwater (17060306)
  • Watershed: Upper Clearwater River (1706030605)
  • Subwatershed: Big Creek-Clearwater River (170603060504)
  • State: Idaho
  • Recovery Domain: Snake River
  • Latitude: 46.5023
  • Longitude: -116.3241

ESU

  • Snake River Basin Steelhead DPS
  • Snake River Fall Chinook Salmon ESU

Map

Photos

Metrics

Metrics
  • D.0 Salmonid Hatcheries and Harvest ManagementY (Y/N)
    •      . . D.0.a Hatchery and harvest mgmt. funding 178,325.00
    •      . . D.0.b
      Complement habitat restoration project
    •      . . D.0.c
      Project Identified in a plan or watershed assessment.
    •      . . D.1 Hatchery Production ProjectY (Y/N)
      •      . . . . D.1.a Hatchery Production Funding 158,325.00
      •      . . . . D.1.e.1 Native/wild broodstock collection/relocationY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . . . D.1.e.2 Number by species of broodstock collected (LOV)
      •      . . D.2 Fish Marking ProjectY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . D.2.a Fish Marking Funding 20,000.00
        •      . . . . D.2.b.1 Salmonids Marked and Released.Y (Y/N)
          •      . . . . . . D.2.b.2 Number by species of fry/smolt marked or tagged and released (LOV)
          •      . . . . . . D.2.b.3 Pupose of marking/tagging (LOV)

Eagle Creek National Fish Hatchery    


  • Worksite Identifier: Eagle Creek National Fish Hatchery
  • Start Date: 03/01/2019
  • End Date: 02/28/2021
Area Description

No Area Description data was found for this worksite.

Location Information

  • Basin: Willamette (170900)
  • Subbasin: Clackamas (17090011)
  • Watershed: Eagle Creek (1709001105)
  • Subwatershed: Lower Eagle Creek (170900110503)
  • State: Oregon
  • Recovery Domain: Willamette River
  • Latitude: 45.2762
  • Longitude: -122.2017

ESU

  • Snake River Basin Steelhead DPS
  • Snake River Fall Chinook Salmon ESU

Map

Photos

Metrics

Metrics
  • D.0 Salmonid Hatcheries and Harvest ManagementY (Y/N)
    •      . . D.0.a Hatchery and harvest mgmt. funding 354,278.00
    •      . . D.0.b
      Complement habitat restoration project
    •      . . D.0.c
      Project Identified in a plan or watershed assessment.
    •      . . D.1 Hatchery Production ProjectY (Y/N)
      •      . . . . D.1.a Hatchery Production Funding 354,278.00
      •      . . . . D.1.b.1 Salmonids Reared/ReleasedY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . . . D.1.b.2 Number by species of Salmonids Reared/Released (LOV)
        •      . . . . . . D.1.b.3 Purpose Of Production/Release (LOV)

Kooskia National Fish Hatchery    


  • Worksite Identifier: Kooskia National Fish Hatchery
  • Start Date: 03/01/2019
  • End Date: 02/28/2021
Area Description

No Area Description data was found for this worksite.

Location Information

  • Basin: Clearwater (170603)
  • Subbasin: Middle Fork Clearwater (17060304)
  • Watershed: Clear Creek (1706030401)
  • Subwatershed: Lower Clear Creek (170603040103)
  • State: Idaho
  • Recovery Domain: Snake River
  • Latitude: 46.1302
  • Longitude: -115.9483

ESU

  • Snake River Basin Steelhead DPS
  • Snake River Fall Chinook Salmon ESU

Map

Photos

Metrics

Metrics
  • D.0 Salmonid Hatcheries and Harvest ManagementY (Y/N)
    •      . . D.0.a Hatchery and harvest mgmt. funding 206,523.00
    •      . . D.0.b
      Complement habitat restoration project
    •      . . D.0.c
      Project Identified in a plan or watershed assessment.
    •      . . D.1 Hatchery Production ProjectY (Y/N)
      •      . . . . D.1.a Hatchery Production Funding 196,523.00
      •      . . . . D.1.b.1 Salmonids Reared/ReleasedY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . . . D.1.b.2 Number by species of Salmonids Reared/Released (LOV)
        •      . . . . . . D.1.b.3 Purpose Of Production/Release (LOV)
      •      . . . . D.1.e.1 Native/wild broodstock collection/relocationY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . . . D.1.e.2 Number by species of broodstock collected (LOV)
      •      . . D.2 Fish Marking ProjectY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . D.2.a Fish Marking Funding 10,000.00
        •      . . . . D.2.b.1 Salmonids Marked and Released.Y (Y/N)
          •      . . . . . . D.2.b.2 Number by species of fry/smolt marked or tagged and released (LOV)
          •      . . . . . . D.2.b.3 Pupose of marking/tagging (LOV)

Lapwai Creek Weir    


  • Worksite Identifier: Lapwai Creek Weir
  • Start Date: 03/01/2019
  • End Date: 02/28/2021
Area Description

No Area Description data was found for this worksite.

Location Information

  • Basin: Clearwater (170603)
  • Subbasin: Clearwater (17060306)
  • Watershed: Lapwai Creek (1706030612)
  • Subwatershed: Lower Lapwai Creek (170603061206)
  • State: Idaho
  • Recovery Domain: Snake River
  • Latitude: 46.4482
  • Longitude: -116.8177

ESU

  • Snake River Basin Steelhead DPS
  • Snake River Fall Chinook Salmon ESU

Map

Photos

Metrics

Metrics
  • D.0 Salmonid Hatcheries and Harvest ManagementY (Y/N)
    •      . . D.0.a Hatchery and harvest mgmt. funding 50,337.00
    •      . . D.0.b
      Complement habitat restoration project
    •      . . D.0.c
      Project Identified in a plan or watershed assessment.
    •      . . D.1 Hatchery Production ProjectY (Y/N)
      •      . . . . D.1.a Hatchery Production Funding 50,337.00
      •      . . . . D.1.e.1 Native/wild broodstock collection/relocationY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . . . D.1.e.2 Number by species of broodstock collected (LOV)

Lostine River    


  • Worksite Identifier: Lostine River
  • Start Date: 03/01/2019
  • End Date: 02/28/2021
Area Description

No Area Description data was found for this worksite.

Location Information

  • Basin: Lower Snake (170601)
  • Subbasin: Wallowa (17060105)
  • Watershed: Lostine River (1706010502)
  • Subwatershed: Outlet Lostine River (170601050204)
  • State: Oregon
  • Recovery Domain: Snake River
  • Latitude: 45.5432
  • Longitude: -117.4844

ESU

  • Snake River Basin Steelhead DPS
  • Snake River Fall Chinook Salmon ESU

Map

Photos

Metrics

Metrics
  • D.0 Salmonid Hatcheries and Harvest ManagementY (Y/N)
    •      . . D.0.a Hatchery and harvest mgmt. funding 258,000.00
    •      . . D.0.b
      Complement habitat restoration project
    •      . . D.0.c
      Project Identified in a plan or watershed assessment.
    •      . . D.1 Hatchery Production ProjectY (Y/N)
      •      . . . . D.1.a Hatchery Production Funding 250,000.00
      •      . . . . D.1.b.1 Salmonids Reared/ReleasedY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . . . D.1.b.2 Number by species of Salmonids Reared/Released (LOV)
        •      . . . . . . D.1.b.3 Purpose Of Production/Release (LOV)
      •      . . D.2 Fish Marking ProjectY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . D.2.a Fish Marking Funding 8,000.00
        •      . . . . D.2.b.1 Salmonids Marked and Released.Y (Y/N)
          •      . . . . . . D.2.b.2 Number by species of fry/smolt marked or tagged and released (LOV)
          •      . . . . . . D.2.b.3 Pupose of marking/tagging (LOV)