CTUIR Ceded Area Subbasin Priority Natural Resource Acquisitions

Salmonid Habitat Restoration and Acquisition

Land or Easement Acquisition
Project ID17-Umat-01
Recovery DomainsInterior Columbia
Start Date04/01/2018
End Date06/30/2022
Last Edited04/14/2022
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This proposal includes securing fee title acquisition or conservation easement opportunities for land, water, grazing or timber rights benefiting ESA-listed fish and tribal First Foods. The project applies to the CTUIR ceded area subbasins (Umatilla, Walla Walla, Tucannon, Grande Ronde & John Day) focusing on water, land, and resource acquisitions to protect and/or restore ecological and physical processes important to aquatic Endangered Species Act (ESA)-listed species and other native aquatic species important to CTUIR. Priority stream acquisition and conservation reaches will be selected based largely on past planning (NPCC Subbasin Plans, ESA Recovery Plans, etc) and consistent with the CTUIR River Vision which emphasizes natural floodplain function.

For example, Umatilla Basin high priority areas would include:
1. mid-mainstem (16 miles) and lower (62 miles) Umatilla River;
2. lower 15 miles of Meacham Creek (a major tributary to the upper Umatilla River):
3. 24,200 acre Isquulktpe Creek watershed (a tributary to the Upper Umatilla); and
4. Birch and McKay Creek watersheds.

Meacham Creek has been the site of intensive floodplain restoration effort by CTUIR. Isquulktpe Creek is a CTUIR watershed project with a long history of restoration effort, but headwaters (approximately 4,000 acres) remain an acquisition and restoration goal. The CTUIR recently completed a geomorphic watershed assessment of Birch Creek, a priority stream for threatened summer steelhead. Reintroduction of steelhead may soon occur in McKay Creek. Protection and enhancement of the mainstem Umatilla River is also a priority due to the reliance upon this habitat for over-wintering by multiple fish species. The lower Umatilla River lacks critical juvenile rearing habitat for multiple species of native fish.

Overall, this project will pursue permanent protection of high value habitats to protect and/or to enhance physical and ecological processes and leverage other cost share funding. Specific methods will include:

1) Purchase permanent fee title or conservation easement of critical stronghold or high restoration potential habitats;
2) Lease or permanent acquisition of critical instream water rights;
3) Purchase grazing or forest management rights providing watershed conservation benefits.

Projects will be evaluated using the following criteria:

1. Provides significant conservation and/or restoration benefits for sustaining CTUIR First foods;
2. Consistency with subbasin plan priorities, NOAA Recovery Plans, Comprehensive State Wildlife Conservation Strategies, and CTUIR River Vision;
3. Multiple fish species and/or life stage benefits;
4. High degree of defensibility relative to size/configuration of acquisition tract and adjacent threats;
5. Direct enhancement of connectivity between conservation areas; and
6. Enhancement of administrative or logistics associated with management of existing adjacent areas.

All acquisitions will be completed in accordance with the CTUIR Land Acquisition Strategy Plan. The Tribe will acquire land at or below Fair Market Value based on current Federal Yellow Book standard appraisals. Land may be purchased with water rights if the land/water package scores high as per above criteria.

This project intends to achieve PCSARF Priority #1 (Factors limiting the productivity of ESA-listed Pacific salmonids, as described in habitat objectives and restoration strategies in the 2004 NPCC Subbasin Plans, and the Mid-C Steelhead and Snake River ESA Recovery Plans).

Land use patterns on floodplains and prior floodplain and channel development have reduced natural floodplain area and function as per CTUIR River Mission-based goals. An initial benefit of acquiring stronghold habitats is that it allows for habitat restoration work to be done. The ultimate outcome is to have naturally functioning and self-sustaining stream

Project Benefit    

Benefits will be achieved through the protection and restoration of natural physical and ecological processes and resulting habitat and water quality improvements. Impacts from development and resource extraction actions that might degrade aquatic habitats and limit fish production will be eliminated. ESA species: summer steelhead and bull trout; other species: spring Chinook, coho salmon, pacific lamprey, freshwater mussels, and other miscellaneous resident fish.


Metric Completed Originally
Land Acquisition
  Acres Acquired or Protected 400.0
  Stream Bank Miles Acquired
  or Protected

Funding Details

In-Kind Donated Labor$10,000
Report Total:$187,250

Project Map


McCoy/Meadow Creeks Watershed    

  • Worksite Identifier: McCoy/Meadow Creeks Watershed
  • Start Date: 04/01/2018
  • End Date: 12/31/2018
Area Description

No Area Description data was found for this worksite.

Location Information

  • Basin: Middle Columbia
  • Subbasin:
  • Watershed:
  • Subwatershed:
  • State: Oregon
  • Recovery Domain: Interior Columbia
  • Latitude: 45.70036
  • Longitude: -118.36093


  • Snake River Basin Steelhead DPS
  • Snake River Spring/Summer-run Chinook Salmon ESU




  • C.0 Salmonid Habitat Restoration and AcquisitionY (Y/N)
    •      . . C.0.a Habitat restoration and acquisition funding .00
    •      . . C.0.b Length of stream treated/protected
    •      . . C.0.c
      Project identified in a Plan or Watershed Assessment
    •      . . C.0.d.1 Project Monitoring (LOV)
    •      . . C.0.d.2 Monitoring Location (LOV)
    •      . . C.0.d.3
      Monitoring text (from Phase I)
    •      . . C.10 Land or Easement AcquisitionY (Y/N)
      •      . . . . C.10.a Land acquisition funding
      •      . . . . C.10.b Habitat treatments applied (LOV)
      •      . . . . C.10.c.1 Acquisition or lease of land, wetland or estuarine area for conservationY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . . . C.10.c.2 Type of acquisition to protect habitat (LOV)
        •      . . . . . . C.10.c.3 Type of property protected (LOV)
        •      . . . . . . C.10.c.4 Date of expiration of protection (mm/dd/yyyy)
        •      . . . . . . C.10.c.5 Miles of streambank protected by land or easement acquisition
        •      . . . . . . C.10.c.6 Acres of land, wetland or estuarine area acquired