Habitat Enhancement Effectiveness - Biological Monitoring & Evaluation V

Salmonid Research, Monitoring, and Evaluation (RM&E)

Monitoring
Project ID16-Umat-03
Recovery DomainsInterior Columbia
Start Date06/01/2017
End Date02/28/2022
Year2016
StatusCompleted
Last Edited04/28/2022
 
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Description    


The Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation’s (CTUIR) biomonitoring plan was created to evaluate the effectiveness of CTUIR habitat restoration projects on spring Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha), summer steelhead (Oncorhynchus mykiss), and bull trout (Salvelinus confluentus) populations across the five subbasins of the Columbia River- Umatilla, Walla Walla, Grande Ronde, John Day and Tucannon. The scope of this biomonitoring project includes the direct measurement of physical habitat improvements and monitoring of juvenile and adult fish populations. The results will provide accountability for restoration effectiveness and also serve to guide future management decisions.

The large extent of the Umatilla Tribes habitat restoration projects past and future on Meacham Creek in the Umatilla Basin, OR watershed requires a larger scale monitoring approach than is currently funded under BPA in order to measure a biological response. Three sample sites have been selected for monitoring to represent two large restoration efforts in Meacham Creek; a control site, a post-treatment site representative of the 2012 Phase II River Mile 6.0-8.5 Floodplain project, and a pre-treatment site for the proposed 2016-2017 Bonifer Reach Floodplain project. Appendices A and B document all of CTUIR’s monitored restoration projects and their associated monitoring site locations.

The Umatilla Tribes strategy uses regionally standardized habitat protocols (Columbia Habitat Monitoring Program, CHaMP) to sample project reaches pre and post habitat restoration in contrast to unmodified control reaches. Habitat surveys consist of a simultaneous topographical and auxiliary data survey. CHaMP methods provide standardized metrics that can be used to measure response variables in salmonid habitat. CTUIR is congruently monitoring juvenile fish abundance and species composition at each site using a combination of snorkel methods at most sites and mark-recapture electrofishing where time and water conditions allow. Drift and benthic macroinvertebrate samples are collected yearly at each location as well as adult redd enumerations and carcass counts for focal species.

This 2016 phase (fifth year) of the ongoing biomonitoring project provided a cost share for BPA funding in order to meet the objectives of the CTUIR biomonitoring study. Increased monitoring efforts for Meacham Creek included extensive surveying of juvenile salmonid abundance during the summer and fall, increased PIT tagging of juveniles throughout the system to monitor outmigration and survival, and continuation of a long term macroinvertebrate study along with continued habitat monitoring. The ability to detect biological changes in response to habitat restoration is critical for determining habitat quantity and quality, and to understand what particular restoration action or suite of actions yield the greatest fish response.

The PCSRF project funded continued habitat monitoring occurred at three sample locations within Meacham Creek (permanent technician time funded by BPA). PCSRF also covered the cost of a rental of topographical survey equipment (Real Time Kinetic (RTK) GPS) that increased the efficiency of these surveys at large monitoring sites. The ability to detect biological changes in response to habitat restoration is critical for determining habitat quantity and quality, and to understand what particular restoration action or suite of actions yield the greatest fish response. The project funded juvenile salmonid abundance surveys at each sample site during summer and fall seasons (permanent technicians funded by BPA, temporary technicians funded by PCSRF). Redd abundance surveys for spring Chinook and summer steelhead were conducted throughout the tributary from March through September. These funds were also used for the continuation of the Meacham macroinvertebrate study through an OSU subcontract. Project metrics reflect combined (

Project Benefit    


The Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation (CTUIR) is implementing a habitat restoration program with emphasis on reducing the effects of primary limiting factors (i.e. water temperature and habitat complexity) and restoring natural ecological processes. Biomonitoring sample sites have been selected for evaluating a biological response to habitat restoration; and the expected benefit is to improve habitat quality for adult holding and spawning, and juvenile rearing of fish species of interest. Monitoring habitat in parallel with fish surveys can provide valuable information regarding fish/habitat relationships . Specifically, we’ll study the response of juvenile fish density, growth, migration timing, and survival to habitat restoration at three sites located in Meacham Creek.

Accomplishments

Metric Completed Originally
Proposed
Research and Monitoring
  Stream Miles Monitored 12.00 19.00

Funding Details

SourceFunds
PCSRF$50,000
Other$55,461
Report Total:$105,461


Project Map



Worksites

Meacham Creek    


  • Worksite Identifier: Meacham Creek
  • Start Date: 06/01/2017
  • End Date: 02/28/2022
Area Description

No Area Description data was found for this worksite.

Location Information

  • Basin: Middle Columbia
  • Subbasin:
  • Watershed:
  • Subwatershed:
  • State: Oregon
  • Recovery Domain: Interior Columbia
  • Latitude: 45.64654
  • Longitude: -118.3606

ESU

  • Mid-Columbia River Spring-run Chinook Salmon ESU
  • Middle Columbia River Steelhead DPS

Map

Photos

Metrics

Metrics
  • E.0 Salmonid Research, Monitoring, and Evaluation (RM&E)Y (Y/N)
    •      . . E.0.a RM&E Funding 105,461.00
    •      . . E.0.b
      Complement habitat restoration project
      This monitoring plan will complement the habitat implementation by CTUIRs Umatilla Anadromous Fish Habitat project (1987-100-01).
    •      . . E.0.c
      Project identified in a plan or watershed assessment.
      Biological Effectiveness Monitoring and Evaluation Plan for Fisheries Habitat Enhancement in CTUIR Subbasins (Stillwater Sciences 2011b)
    •      . . E.0.d.1 Number of Cooperating Organizations 3
    •      . . E.0.d.2
      Name Of Cooperating Organizations.
      Bonneville Power Administrations Action Effectiveness Work plan (BPA AEM) Columbia River Intertribal Fish Commission (CRITFC) Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW)
    •      . . E.0.e.1 Number of reports prepared 2
    •      . . E.0.e.2
      Name Of Report
      Contor, C. R. Editor. 2015. Umatilla Basin Natural Production Monitoring and Evaluation, 2014 Annual Progress Report. Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation, 46411 Ti’Mine Way, Pendleton, OR. Report submitted to Bonneville Power Administration, Project No. 1990-005-01, Contract 00065117 Costi, K., Contor. C., Shippentower. G. 2016. Fish Habitat Enhancement Biological Effectiveness Monitoring, 2015 Annual Progress Report. Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation, 46411 Ti’Mine Way, Pendleton, OR. Report submitted to Bonneville Power Administration, Project No. 2009-014-00, Contract 68461
    •      . . E.1 MonitoringY (Y/N)
      •      . . . . E.1.a Monitoring funding 105,461.00
      •      . . . . E.1.b.1 Stream Miles Monitored 12.00
      •      . . . . E.1.b.2 Acres of Watershed Area Monitored 53.9
      •      . . . . E.1.b.3 Square miles of water monitored.5 (Square miles)
      •      . . . . E.1.c.2 Salmonid smolt or fry monitoringY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . . . E.1.c.2.a # miles (to nearest 0.01 mile) monitored for Salmonid smolt or fry 12.00
      •      . . . . E.1.c.3 Biological instream monitoring (other than salmon)Y (Y/N)
        •      . . . . . . E.1.c.3.a # miles (to nearest 0.01 mile) monitored for Biological indicies (other than salmon) 1.11
      •      . . . . E.1.c.4 Redd countsY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . . . E.1.c.4.a # miles (to nearest 0.01 mile) monitored for redds 10.65
      •      . . . . E.1.c.5 Carcass countsY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . . . E.1.c.5.a # miles (to nearest 0.01 mile) monitored for Carcasses 10.65
      •      . . . . E.1.c.8 Water quality monitoringY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . . . E.1.c.8.a # miles (to nearest 0.01 mile) of stream monitored for water quality 1.11
      •      . . . . E.1.c.13 Restoration effectiveness monitoringY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . . . E.1.c.13.a # miles (to nearest 0.01 mile) of stream or streambank monitored 1.11
        •      . . . . . . E.1.c.13.c # acres (to nearest 0.1 acre) monitored 53.9
      •      . . . . E.1.c.14 Restoration validation monitoringY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . . . E.1.c.14.a # miles (to nearest 0.01 mile) stream or streambank monitored 1.11
        •      . . . . . . E.1.c.14.c # acres (to nearest 0.1 acre) monitored 53.9
        •      . . . . E.1.d
          Name Of Comprehensive Monitoring Strategy/Program
          Bonneville Power Administration, Action Effectiveness Monitoring Program CTUIR and ODFW. 1990. Umatilla Hatchery Master Plan. Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation, Pendleton, OR (2 more, unable to fit here, contact CRITFC for details)
        •      . . . . E.1.e
          Description of monitoring
          Standard lab analysis and index values will be derived for each benthic sample including 1. Biomass 2. Taxa richness 3. Hilsenhoff Biotic Index (HBI) 4. Oregon PREDictive (PREDATOR) model results. Adult Abundance and Distribution Adult abundance and distribution is estimated based on redd and carcass counts conducted in the treatment and control reaches. Sampling occurs annually commencing at the onset of the spawning season and continuing approximately every 10–14 days until spawning is complete. Data derived from redd count surveys include 1. Index temporal abundance of spawners 2. Estimate total abundance of spawning females 3. Determine spatial spawning distribution 4. Determine temporal spawning distribution Juvenile Fish Abundance Snorkeling Snorkel surveyors attend a yearly training that is coordinated through BPAs AEM program. Methodology is discussed and calibration of surveyors across all projects in correctly documenting fork lengths underwater takes place. Juvenile snorkel surveys are conducted for the entirety of each treatment and control site. Species, size class (10mm accuracy), habitat unit, and instream structure usage are recorded for each fish throughout the reach. Data derived from snorkel surveys include 1. Juvenile fish density and Abundance (fish m2) 2. Life history diversity within a site. 3. Fish use of available habitat structures Juvenile Salmonid Electrofishing and PIT Tagging (contact CRITFC for details - could not fit here)