Oxbow Conservation Area Tailings Restoration, Phase 3

Salmonid Habitat Restoration and Acquisition

Instream Habitat Pre-Restoration Acquisitions And Nursery Operations Riparian Habitat
Project ID13-Warm-02
Recovery DomainsInterior Columbia
Start Date06/01/2014
End Date10/31/2014
Year2013
StatusCompleted
Last Edited10/21/2021
 
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Description    


Phase III of this project was very successful. These funds specifically paid for construction on the Phase 3 portion of the channel (~1000 feet). In October, 2014 the last elements of the construction contract was completed consisting of the ditch grading and erosion control measures (straw and tackifier applications on the disturbed surfaces). The ungulate fence was also completed in October 2014. Specifically, 0.53 stream miles were treated which connected five acres of off-channel habitat and seven insert pools were created. Four acres were planted with riparian plants and restoration materials were purchased for future restoration projects, specifically 910 whole trees with root wads attached, 3,700 containerized plants and 10,000 feet of eight-foot woven wire fencing (CRITFC funding). 47 structures of anchored logs and boulders were placed in channels over .53 miles of stream length. 3,755 cubic yards of spawning gravel were placed over .13 miles of stream length.

In December 2014, the project received a sizable flood event in the 2- to 5-year flow stage (not calculated yet). The project exhibited excellent floodplain connectivity, as designed, and no significant erosion issues were seen. Phase 5 is planned for 2016, which will complete the restoration of the project site.

This project was featured in the Blue Mountain Eagle, and Bureau of Reclamation put a video together to showcase this project. This video may be seen here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=35so1rcI1R8. Another project video available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3DcGA4kOBz8

Four spring Chinook Salmon redds counted within the completed river channel of Phase 3.

Project Benefit    


The project seeks to restore hydraulic and ecosystem processes for riparian and instream habitats critical for Mid-Columbia summer steelhead, spring Chinook salmon, and bull trout. This multi-phased project is located in the heart of spring Chinook salmon spawning, adult holding, and juvenile rearing. The property averages 14% of spring Chinook salmon spawning in this critical habitat zone of the MFJD watershed, but spawning is below site potential due to past dredging. This property is used by steelhead for both juvenile rearing and spawning in the river and five perennial tributaries within the property boundaries. The property has exceptional juvenile rearing potential, stemming from its location in the watershed and the six perennial tributaries entering the river within the property, but degraded habitat conditions limit current production. The Phase 3 Project site restores connectivity to the river on Ruby Creek with channel construction and habitat enhancement of the lower 400-500 feet of the creek. Pacific lamprey are also present in the river and tributaries on this property.

The project primary goal is to restore instream habitat conditions and structure for salmonid production, and set the stage for processes needed to sustain habitat features. This project seeks to greatly enhance instream habitat for salmonids in terms of rearing habitat, as this is the main identified bottleneck in population recovery. Pools with large wood structure, complex riffles, and targeted use of cold-water alcoves and spring channels will be the features to aid in rearing habitat for salmonids. Water temperature will also be buffered through an extensive vegetation plan, which promotes stream shading and appropriate channel widths on the constructed channel segments.

Accomplishments

Metric Completed Originally
Proposed
Instream Habitat
  Stream Miles Treated .53 .53
Riparian Habitat
  Stream Miles Treated .53 .53
  Acres Treated 4.0 4.0

Funding Details

SourceFunds
PCSRF$141,250
Other$441,000
Report Total:$582,250


Project Map



Worksites

Oxbow Conservation Area, near Bates, OR (End)    


  • Worksite Identifier: Oxbow Conservation Area, near Bates, OR (End)
  • Start Date: 06/01/2014
  • End Date: 10/31/2015
Area Description
River miles 56-57 on Oxbow Conservation Area

Location Information

  • Basin: John Day
  • Subbasin:
  • Watershed:
  • Subwatershed:
  • State: Oregon
  • Recovery Domain: Interior Columbia
  • Latitude: 44.651571
  • Longitude: -118.676686

ESU

  • Mid-Columbia River Spring-run Chinook Salmon ESU
  • Middle Columbia River Steelhead DPS

Map

Photos

Phase 3 after Phase 3 after (before veg) Phase 3 after (10Apr2015)

Metrics

Metrics
  • C.0 Salmonid Habitat Restoration and AcquisitionY (Y/N)
    •      . . C.0.a Habitat restoration and acquisition funding 582,250.00
    •      . . C.0.b Length of stream treated/protected .53
    •      . . C.0.c
      Project identified in a Plan or Watershed Assessment
      Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs Reservation of Oregon. 2010. Oxbow and Forrest Conservation Areas Property and Habitat Management Plan.
    •      . . C.0.d.1 Project Monitoring (LOV)
    •      . . C.0.d.2 Monitoring Location (LOV)
    •      . . C.0.d.3
      Monitoring text (from Phase I)
      Monitoring will be guided by the Monitoring and maintenance plan being developed for the ESA programmatic coverage. This M&M plan will cover physical, fish, and vegetative attributes of the project for as-built, year 1 and post high-flow event. The plan will also have standards which will need to be met or maintained, requiring maintenance to those standards not met. Some monitoring in this plan includes water temperature, juvenile salmonid and other fish usage (assemblages) snorkeling counts, riparian vegetation transects, photo points, spawning survey data, groundwater (wells onsite), and physical monitoring (width-depth ratios, pool depth, etc.). The Middle Fork John Day Intensively Monitored Watershed (IMW) program will also be collecting geomorphology study related efforts, channel dimensions, hyporheic temperature exchange (fiber optic cable deployment), PIBO habitat survey protocols, macroinvertebrates monitoring, and other effectiveness monitoring relating to fish populations within the watershed. The IMW monitoring may or may not measure project specific effects.____
    •      . . C.4 Instream Habitat ProjectY (Y/N)
      •      . . . . C.4.a Instream Habitat Funding 351,250.00
      •      . . . . C.4.b Total length of instream habitat treated .53
      •      . . . . C.4.c.1 Channel reconfiguration and connectivityY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . . . C.4.c.2 Type of change to channel configuration and connectivity (LOV)
        •      . . . . . . C.4.c.3 Miles of stream treated for channel reconfiguration and connectivity .53
        •      . . . . . . C.4.c.4 Miles of off-channel stream created through channel reconfiguration and connectivity .10
        •      . . . . . . C.4.c.5 Acres of off-channel or floodplain connected through channel reconfiguration and connectivity 5.0
        •      . . . . . . C.4.c.6 Instream pools created/added through channel reconfiguration and connectivity 7
      •      . . . . C.4.d.1 Channel structure placementY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . . . C.4.d.2 Material used for channel structure (LOV)
        •      . . . . . . C.4.d.3 Miles of stream treated through channel structure placement .53
        •      . . . . . . C.4.d.4 Acres of streambed treated through channel structure placement 2.0
        •      . . . . . . C.4.d.5 Pools expected to be created through channel structure placement 7
        •      . . . . . . C.4.d.6 Yards of average stream-width at mid-point of channel structure placement project11 (Yards)
        •      . . . . . . C.4.d.7 Number of structures placed in channel 47
      •      . . . . C.4.f.1 Spawning gravel placementY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . . . C.4.f.2 Miles of stream treated with addition of spawning gravel .13
        •      . . . . . . C.4.f.3 Cubic yards of spawning gravel placed3755 (Cubic yards)
      •      . . C.5 Riparian Habitat ProjectY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . C.5.a Riparian Habitat Funding 120,000.00
        •      . . . . C.5.b.1 Total riparian miles streambank treated .53
        •      . . . . C.5.b.2 Total Riparian Acres Treated 4.0
        •      . . . . C.5.c.1 Riparian plantingY (Y/N)
          •      . . . . . . C.5.c.2
            Species of plants planted in riparian
            Alnus rhombifolia, Carex nudata, Cornus sericea, Crataegus douglasii, Pinus ponderosa, Populus trichocarpa, Prunus emarginata, Ribes aureum, Rosa nutkana, Salix lemmonii, S. exigua, S. Geyeriana, , Sambucus nigra, , etc. plus native grass seeding to include: Achnatherum occidentale, Bromus marginatus, Deschampsia elongata, Elymus elymoides, E. glaucous, Festuca idahoensis, Glyceria striata, Koeleria macrantha, Leymus cinereus, Poa secunda, and Pseudoroegneria spicata.
          •      . . . . . . C.5.c.3 Acres planted in riparian 4.0
          •      . . . . . . C.5.c.4 Miles of streambank treated with riparian planting .53
        •      . . . . C.5.d.1 FencingY (Y/N)
          •      . . . . . . C.5.d.2 Miles of fence along stream 1.80
          •      . . . . . . C.5.d.3 Acres of riparian area protected by fencing 4.0
        •      . . C.12 Pre-Restoration Acquisitions And Nursery OperationsY (Y/N)
          •      . . . . C.12.a Pre-restoration funding 111,000.00
          •      . . . . C.12.b.1 Restoration materialsY (Y/N)
            •      . . . . . . C.12.b.2
              Describe what was purchased
              910 whole trees with rootwads attached, 3,700 containerized plants, 10,000 feet of eight-foot woven wire fence, plus structures.