White Salmon River Fish Passage and Habitat Restoration

Salmonid Habitat Restoration and Acquisition

Instream Habitat Riparian Habitat
Project ID13-Yaka-01
Recovery DomainsWillamette and Interior Columbia
Start Date04/01/2014
End Date06/30/2018
Year2013
StatusCompleted
Last Edited10/21/2021
 
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Description    


This project was a complement to the completed 2009 PCSRF Rattlesnake and Indian Cr. Fish Passage and Wetland Habitat Enhancement Project (#2009-4-01). The habitat has continued to improve through these efforts. This project complemented the work done by the Underwood Conservation Districts (UCD) RCO projects #15-1298R and #13-1409 and they are recording their accomplishments separately.

A significant change that occurred from the originally planned project was that work planned for the Gooseberry Meadow worksite could not occur because a new landowner purchased the property that contains this site between the time of the project design and implementation, and was not interested in the restoration work, so funding for this portion of the restoration was redirected to other fish-accessible sites in the watershed (grouped under worksite #2), including the Stevens and Markgraf family properties, Uno Bull, Jebe Swale, and various riparian fencing locations throughout Upper Rattlesnake Creek Basin.

Specific tasks that occurred at each of the two worksites were:

Worksite #1 (Dunkard Meadows)($14,990): 0.47 miles of instream habitat was treated and monitored, including the placement of 30 individual unanchored log and rock channel structures, which created 30 new pools within the channel. Around 0.8 miles of streambank was stabilized as a result of vegetation planted to stabilize streambank and improve the riparian condition. Around 0.24 riparian acres were planted with Populus balsamifera (Black cottonwood), Cornus sericea (red-osier dogwood), Salix spp. (willows) species.
Proposed fencing for livestock exclusion did not occur because the evaluation of the site found that the site was not well-suited for fencing. Cattle here are actively managed and do not affect the riparian corridor as anticipated, and maintenance of fencing would be challenging because of difficult site access.

2) Worksite #2 (Spans multiple locations in the Middle and Upper portions of Rattlesnake Creek watershed)($165,010): 1.1 miles of instream habitat was treated and monitored, where 5 individual unanchored log channel structures were placed along .56 miles, and treating 1.85 acres of streambed creating 5 new pools. Vegetation was planted to stabilize the streambank and improve the riparian condition on 0.75 miles of streambank and a total or 2.5 riparian acres were planted with the following species: Apocynum cannabinum (Indian hemp dogbane), Asclepias speciosa (showy milkweed), Cornus sericea (redosier dogwood), Holodiscus discolor (oceanspray), Mahonia aquifolium (tall Oregon grape), Quercus garryana (Oregon white oak), Populus balsamifera (black cottonwood), Pseudotsuga menziesii (Douglas-fir) and Pinus ponderosa (ponderosa pine).

13.75 miles of fencing was constructed to excluding cattle grazing along of streambank protecting 315 acres. Also at an ongoing restoration site on the White Salmon River adjacent to Northwestern Park, crews successfully pumped water from the White Salmon River and ran hoses throughout to the new site, watering all the plants planted previously under a different project by hand once every three weeks. Since the site is very exposed to sun and desiccating winds, and lacks soil or soil structure to retain moisture, irrigation may have made a significant difference in survival for plants on the project site.

These funds also contributed to the development of the designs on the preferred alternatives.

The attached final revised progress report has more details about specific work that occurred and the timeline.

Project Benefit    


This project addresses habitat limiting factors (high stream temperatures, low summer/ high peak flows, lack of woody debris and riparian vegetation) in the White Salmon basin and one of its largest tributaries. Large woody debris (LWD) installations in the middle and lower reaches of Rattlesnake will benefit anadromous fish habitat, providing refuge and structure for trapping spawning gravels and adding complexity. Restoration of incised channels and meadows in upper Rattlesnake Creek will help restore natural hydrologic processes and improve flow, water temperature and sediment downstream. Actions include construction of riparian cattle exclusion and watering development; in-stream treatments to address headcutting and flashiness and recharge headwater meadow complexes; riparian revegetation to reduce stream temperatures, stabilizing streambanks and recruiting LWD; and monitoring watershed changes. This project also assists with ongoing activities such as irrigation at a 2.8-ac. restoration site on the White Salmon mainstem downstream of Rattlesnake subbasin, where the YN planted over 7500 native plants.

Accomplishments

Metric Completed Originally
Proposed
Instream Habitat
  Stream Miles Treated 1.57 1.40
Riparian Habitat
  Stream Miles Treated 1.22 2.80
  Acres Treated 2.7 11.5

Funding Details

SourceFunds
PCSRF$180,000
Report Total:$180,000


Project Map



Worksites

Dunkard Meadows    


  • Worksite Identifier: Dunkard Meadows
  • Start Date: 04/01/2014
  • End Date: 06/30/2018
Area Description
T5N, R12E, Section 27, SE ¼

Location Information

  • Basin: Middle Columbia
  • Subbasin:
  • Watershed:
  • Subwatershed:
  • State: Washington
  • Recovery Domain: Willamette and Interior Columbia
  • Latitude: 45.885886
  • Longitude: -121.284269

ESU

  • Lower Columbia River Chinook Salmon ESU
  • Middle Columbia River Steelhead DPS
  • Lower Columbia River Coho Salmon ESU

Map

Photos

Metrics

Metrics
  • C.0 Salmonid Habitat Restoration and AcquisitionY (Y/N)
    •      . . C.0.a Habitat restoration and acquisition funding 14,990.00
    •      . . C.0.b Length of stream treated/protected .47
    •      . . C.0.c
      Project identified in a Plan or Watershed Assessment
      The draft NOAA Recovery Plan for Middle Columbia River Steelhead, the White Salmon Subbasin Plan, the Klickitat lead entity strategy, and the White Salmon River watershed addendum to Wind/ White Salmon water resource inventory area 29 salmonid analysis.
    •      . . C.0.d.1 Project Monitoring (LOV)
    •      . . C.0.d.2 Monitoring Location (LOV)
    •      . . C.0.d.3
      Monitoring text (from Phase I)
      Project was mostly planned in the field, adaptively using materials made available by private timber company landowner on-site. Overall, the project was implemented as anticipated with minor, fit-in-the-field adjustments made as needed. We were unable to take pre-project measurements, but we did photo-document conditions prior to beginning work. More photo-monitoring is planned to determine effectiveness of restoration and planting.
    •      . . C.4 Instream Habitat ProjectY (Y/N)
      •      . . . . C.4.a Instream Habitat Funding 13,990.00
      •      . . . . C.4.b Total length of instream habitat treated .47
      •      . . . . C.4.d.1 Channel structure placementY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . . . C.4.d.2 Material used for channel structure (LOV)
        •      . . . . . . C.4.d.3 Miles of stream treated through channel structure placement .47
        •      . . . . . . C.4.d.4 Acres of streambed treated through channel structure placement .3
        •      . . . . . . C.4.d.5 Pools expected to be created through channel structure placement 30
        •      . . . . . . C.4.d.6 Yards of average stream-width at mid-point of channel structure placement project2 (Yards)
        •      . . . . . . C.4.d.7 Number of structures placed in channel 30
      •      . . . . C.4.e.1 Streambank stabilization Y (Y/N)
        •      . . . . . . C.4.e.2 Material Used For Streambank Stabilization (LOV)
        •      . . . . . . C.4.e.3 Miles of streambank stabilized .80
      •      . . C.5 Riparian Habitat ProjectY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . C.5.a Riparian Habitat Funding 1,000.00
        •      . . . . C.5.b.1 Total riparian miles streambank treated .47
        •      . . . . C.5.b.2 Total Riparian Acres Treated .2
        •      . . . . C.5.c.1 Riparian plantingY (Y/N)
          •      . . . . . . C.5.c.2
            Species of plants planted in riparian
            Populus balsamifera (Black cottonwood), Cornus sericea (red-osier dogwood), Salix spp. (willows
          •      . . . . . . C.5.c.3 Acres planted in riparian .2
          •      . . . . . . C.5.c.4 Miles of streambank treated with riparian planting .47
        •      . . . . C.5.d.1 FencingY (Y/N)
          •      . . . . . . C.5.d.2 Miles of fence along stream .00
          •      . . . . . . C.5.d.3 Acres of riparian area protected by fencing .0

Stevens, Markgraf, Panakanic, Uno Bull, and Upper Rattlesnake Creek fencing sites    


  • Worksite Identifier: Stevens, Markgraf, Panakanic, Uno Bull, and Upper Rattlesnake Creek fencing sites
  • Start Date: 04/01/2014
  • End Date: 06/30/2018
Area Description
See Actual Description from project

Location Information

  • Basin: Middle Columbia
  • Subbasin:
  • Watershed:
  • Subwatershed:
  • State: Washington
  • Recovery Domain: Willamette and Interior Columbia
  • Latitude: 45.89
  • Longitude: -121.31

ESU

  • Lower Columbia River Chinook Salmon ESU
  • Middle Columbia River Steelhead DPS
  • Lower Columbia River Coho Salmon ESU

Map

Photos

Metrics

Metrics
  • C.0 Salmonid Habitat Restoration and AcquisitionY (Y/N)
    •      . . C.0.a Habitat restoration and acquisition funding 165,010.00
    •      . . C.0.b Length of stream treated/protected 1.10
    •      . . C.0.c
      Project identified in a Plan or Watershed Assessment
      Klickitat Lead Entity Region Salmon Recovery Strategy (updated, August 2013). Page 49 Priority Action for Rattlesnake Creek. Klickitat County, Goldendale, Washington. Haring, D. 2003. Normandeau Associates.White Salmon Subbasin Plan.
    •      . . C.0.d.1 Project Monitoring (LOV)
    •      . . C.0.d.2 Monitoring Location (LOV)
    •      . . C.0.d.3
      Monitoring text (from Phase I)
      Projects were mostly planned in the field, adaptively using materials made available by private timber company landowner on-site. Overall, the projects were implemented as anticipated with minor, fit-in-the-field adjustments made as needed. We were unable to take pre-project measurements, but we did photo-document conditions prior to beginning work. More photo-monitoring is planned to determine effectiveness of restoration and planting.
    •      . . C.4 Instream Habitat ProjectY (Y/N)
      •      . . . . C.4.a Instream Habitat Funding 117,000.00
      •      . . . . C.4.b Total length of instream habitat treated 1.10
      •      . . . . C.4.d.1 Channel structure placementY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . . . C.4.d.2 Material used for channel structure (LOV)
        •      . . . . . . C.4.d.3 Miles of stream treated through channel structure placement .56
        •      . . . . . . C.4.d.4 Acres of streambed treated through channel structure placement 1.9
        •      . . . . . . C.4.d.5 Pools expected to be created through channel structure placement 5
        •      . . . . . . C.4.d.6 Yards of average stream-width at mid-point of channel structure placement project5 (Yards)
        •      . . . . . . C.4.d.7 Number of structures placed in channel 5
      •      . . . . C.4.e.1 Streambank stabilization Y (Y/N)
        •      . . . . . . C.4.e.2 Material Used For Streambank Stabilization (LOV)
        •      . . . . . . C.4.e.3 Miles of streambank stabilized .75
      •      . . C.5 Riparian Habitat ProjectY (Y/N)
        •      . . . . C.5.a Riparian Habitat Funding 48,010.00
        •      . . . . C.5.b.1 Total riparian miles streambank treated .75
        •      . . . . C.5.b.2 Total Riparian Acres Treated 2.5
        •      . . . . C.5.c.1 Riparian plantingY (Y/N)
          •      . . . . . . C.5.c.2
            Species of plants planted in riparian
            Apocynum cannabinum (Indian hemp dogbane) Asclepias speciosa (showy milkweed) Cornus sericea (redosier dogwood) Holodiscus discolor (oceanspray) Mahonia aquifolium (tall Oregon grape) Quercus garryana (Oregon white oak) Populus balsamifera (black cottonwood) Pseudotsuga menziesii (Douglas-fir) Pinus ponderosa (ponderosa pine) Rosa woodsii (Wood’s rose) Symphoricarpos alba (snowberry) Salix spp. (willows, various)
          •      . . . . . . C.5.c.3 Acres planted in riparian 2.5
          •      . . . . . . C.5.c.4 Miles of streambank treated with riparian planting .75
        •      . . . . C.5.d.1 FencingY (Y/N)
          •      . . . . . . C.5.d.2 Miles of fence along stream 13.75
          •      . . . . . . C.5.d.3 Acres of riparian area protected by fencing 315.0
        •      . . . . C.5.e.1 Riparian exclusionY (Y/N)
          •      . . . . . . C.5.e.2 Acres of riparian area protected by exclusion other than fencing 315.0
          •      . . . . . . C.5.e.3 Miles of riparian streambank protected by exclusion other than fencing 13.75
        •      . . . . C.5.f.1 Water gap developmentY (Y/N)
          •      . . . . . . C.5.f.2 Number of water gap installations 0
          •      . . . . . . C.5.f.3 Miles of streambank protected by water gap development .00